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The Origins of Mental Toughness : Prosocial Behavior and Low Internalizing and Externalizing Problems at Age 5 Predict Higher Mental Toughness Scores at Age 14

The Origins of Mental Toughness : Prosocial Behavior and Low Internalizing and Externalizing Problems at Age 5 Predict Higher Mental Toughness Scores at Age 14

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Prüfsumme: MD5:f569541c955ecb58d1f9aa3fc56e82f0

SADEGHI BAHMANI, Dena, Martin HATZINGER, Markus GERBER, Sakari LEMOLA, Peter J. CLOUGH, Sonja PERREN, Kay VON KLITZING, Agnes VON WYL, Edith HOLSBOER-TRACHSLER, Serge BRAND, 2016. The Origins of Mental Toughness : Prosocial Behavior and Low Internalizing and Externalizing Problems at Age 5 Predict Higher Mental Toughness Scores at Age 14. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 7, 1221. eISSN 1664-1078

@article{Sadeghi Bahmani2016Origi-36012, title={The Origins of Mental Toughness : Prosocial Behavior and Low Internalizing and Externalizing Problems at Age 5 Predict Higher Mental Toughness Scores at Age 14}, year={2016}, doi={10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01221}, volume={7}, journal={Frontiers in Psychology}, author={Sadeghi Bahmani, Dena and Hatzinger, Martin and Gerber, Markus and Lemola, Sakari and Clough, Peter J. and Perren, Sonja and von Klitzing, Kay and von Wyl, Agnes and Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith and Brand, Serge}, note={Article Number: 1221} }

Sadeghi Bahmani, Dena Gerber, Markus Perren, Sonja The Origins of Mental Toughness : Prosocial Behavior and Low Internalizing and Externalizing Problems at Age 5 Predict Higher Mental Toughness Scores at Age 14 Brand, Serge von Klitzing, Kay Clough, Peter J. Lemola, Sakari 2016 Perren, Sonja Clough, Peter J. von Wyl, Agnes Background: The concept of mental toughness (MT) has gained increasing importance among groups other than elite athletes by virtue of its psychological importance and explanatory power for a broad range of health-related behaviors. However, no study has focused so far on the psychological origins of MT. Therefore, the aims of the present study were: to explore, to what extent the psychological profiles of preschoolers aged five were associated with both (1) MT scores and (2) sleep disturbances at age 14, and 3) to explore possible gender differences.<br /><br />Method: Nine years after their first assessment at age five (preschoolers), a total of 77 adolescents (mean age: 14.35 years; SD = 1.22; 42% females) took part in this follow-up study. At baseline, both parents and teachers completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), covering internalizing and externalizing problems, hyperactivity, negative peer relationships, and prosocial behavior. At follow-up, participants completed a booklet of questionnaires covering socio-demographic data, MT, and sleep disturbances.<br /><br />Results: Higher prosocial behavior, lower negative peer relationships, and lower internalizing and externalizing problems at age five, as rated by parents and teachers, were associated with self-reported higher MT and lower sleep disturbances at age 14. At age 14, and relative to males, females had lower MT scores and reported more sleep disturbances.<br /><br />Conclusion: The pattern of results suggests that MT traits during adolescence may have their origins in the pre-school years. Brand, Serge von Wyl, Agnes Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith 2016-11-22T13:48:01Z Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith eng Sadeghi Bahmani, Dena 2016-11-22T13:48:01Z Lemola, Sakari Hatzinger, Martin Gerber, Markus von Klitzing, Kay Hatzinger, Martin

Dateiabrufe seit 22.11.2016 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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