Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence : A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries

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2020
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Zusammenfassung

Background
Sexual violence against minors is a global phenomenon with wide-ranging negative consequences. Global reports suggest that it is a particularly serious issue in East African countries, although research on prevalence and characteristics of violence in these countries is scarce.

Objective
The aim of this study was to assess sexual violence and its circumstances among Tanzanian and Ugandan adolescents.

Participants and setting
Two representative samples of secondary school students aged 12–17 from Tanzania and Uganda (N = 1402) were included in this study.

Methods
Data assessed using standardized questionnaires were analyzed to determine prevalence, characteristics, and contributing factors of sexual violence among youth.

Results
We found high levels of sexual violence (27.2 %) exceeding global average estimates of under 20 %. Significantly more sexual violence experiences were reported by boys (29.9 %) than girls (24.6 %) and by older compared to younger adolescents (30.2 % vs. 19.6 %). Peers were the most frequent perpetrator group, named by 47.6 % of those reporting abuse. Several potential contributing factors for victimization were identified, such as rural living area, external financial support, and being in a romantic relationship.

Conclusions
Sexual violence is a relevant issue among East African adolescents that occurs in a variety of settings but appears to be most prevalent between peers. Comprehensive sexual education approaches may help to improve the protection of adolescents and to enhance autonomous sexual development.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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Sexual violence, Adolescence, Prevalence, East Africa, Correlates
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ISO 690GOESSMANN, Katharina, Joseph SSENYONGA, Mabula NKUBA, Katharin HERMENAU, Tobias HECKER, 2020. Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence : A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries. In: Child Abuse & Neglect. Elsevier. 2020, 109, 104711. ISSN 0145-2134. eISSN 1873-7757. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104711
BibTex
@article{Goessmann2020-09-11Chara-50908,
  year={2020},
  doi={10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104711},
  title={Characterizing the prevalence and contributing factors of sexual violence : A representative cross-sectional study among school-going adolescents in two East African countries},
  volume={109},
  issn={0145-2134},
  journal={Child Abuse & Neglect},
  author={Goessmann, Katharina and Ssenyonga, Joseph and Nkuba, Mabula and Hermenau, Katharin and Hecker, Tobias},
  note={Article Number: 104711}
}
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