Gesundheitsverhalten von Kleinkindern : Soziale Ungleichheit und die Bedeutung der elterlichen Selbstwirksamkeitserwartung

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2018
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Weigand, Maria
Wilke, Franziska
Anders, Yvonne
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Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Eating behaviors of toddlers and young children : Social inequities and the mediating role of parental self-efficacy
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Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung. 2018, 13(1), pp. 63-68. ISSN 1861-6755. eISSN 1861-6763. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s11553-017-0595-0
Zusammenfassung

Background
Studies have repeatedly pointed out to the relation between socioeconomic background and health behavior. For German samples, immigrant background has been identified as a risk factor for poorer health. Health psychology models emphasize the importance of parental self-efficacy for children’s health behavior.

Objectives
This study examines if parental self-efficacy mediates the relation between the immigrant background, operationalized via language background, and a healthy eating behavior of young children.

Methods
Mediator analyses were performed to test the hypothesis. Data were collected from 184 families with children aged 3 to 4 years via interviews and questionnaires. All families took part in the German parenting program Chancenreich.

Results
Results replicate earlier findings that immigrant background is significantly related to poorer eating habits even when controlling for socioeconomic background. The mediation analyses, however, could show that the negative relation between immigrant background and eating behavior was fully mediated by parental self-efficacy.

Conclusion
Results provide support for intervention program aiming at the enhancement of parental self-efficacy. This might be especially relevant for parents with immigrant background. The goal of such programs should be to reduce social disparities in health outcomes.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
370 Erziehung, Schul- und Bildungswesen
Schlagwörter
Kindliches Gesundheitsverhalten, Elterliche Selbstwirksamkeitserwartungen, Gesundheitsförderung, Familien mit Migrationshintergrund, Gesundheitliche Ungleichheit
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Zitieren
ISO 690HACHFELD, Axinja, Maria WEIGAND, Franziska WILKE, Yvonne ANDERS, 2018. Gesundheitsverhalten von Kleinkindern : Soziale Ungleichheit und die Bedeutung der elterlichen Selbstwirksamkeitserwartung. In: Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung. 2018, 13(1), pp. 63-68. ISSN 1861-6755. eISSN 1861-6763. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s11553-017-0595-0
BibTex
@article{Hachfeld2018-02Gesun-45359,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1007/s11553-017-0595-0},
  title={Gesundheitsverhalten von Kleinkindern : Soziale Ungleichheit und die Bedeutung der elterlichen Selbstwirksamkeitserwartung},
  number={1},
  volume={13},
  issn={1861-6755},
  journal={Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung},
  pages={63--68},
  author={Hachfeld, Axinja and Weigand, Maria and Wilke, Franziska and Anders, Yvonne}
}
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