Attributional retraining, self-esteem, and the job interview : Benefits and risks for college student employment

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2011
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Hall, Nathan C.
Gradt, Shannan E. Jackson
Musu-Gillette, Lauren E.
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The Journal of Experimental Education. 2011, 79(3), pp. 318-339. ISSN 0022-0973. eISSN 1940-0683. Available under: doi: 10.1080/00220973.2010.503247
Zusammenfassung

The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an attributional retraining program for helping upper-level undergraduates perform better in employment interviews as moderated by self-esteem levels. The sample consisted of 50 co-operative education students preparing for actual job interviews who were randomly assigned to an attributional retraining condition (controllable attribution focus) or control condition (communication skills focus). Dependent measures included interview-related attributions and actual interview performance. Results showed self-esteem to predict more adaptive attributions and better interview performance in the control group. Findings also demonstrated significant attributional retraining benefits for students with lower self-esteem on attributions and interview success. The authors found unanticipated negative treatment effects for students with higher self-esteem who reported more external attributions and performed substantially worse in employment interviews upon receiving attributional retraining. The authors discuss the implications concerning the risks of high self-esteem and possible improvements to attributional retraining techniques in employment settings.

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ISO 690HALL, Nathan C., Shannan E. Jackson GRADT, Thomas GÖTZ, Lauren E. MUSU-GILLETTE, 2011. Attributional retraining, self-esteem, and the job interview : Benefits and risks for college student employment. In: The Journal of Experimental Education. 2011, 79(3), pp. 318-339. ISSN 0022-0973. eISSN 1940-0683. Available under: doi: 10.1080/00220973.2010.503247
BibTex
@article{Hall2011Attri-18274,
  year={2011},
  doi={10.1080/00220973.2010.503247},
  title={Attributional retraining, self-esteem, and the job interview : Benefits and risks for college student employment},
  number={3},
  volume={79},
  issn={0022-0973},
  journal={The Journal of Experimental Education},
  pages={318--339},
  author={Hall, Nathan C. and Gradt, Shannan E. Jackson and Götz, Thomas and Musu-Gillette, Lauren E.}
}
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