Constructing living buildings : a review of relevant technologies for a novel application of biohybrid robotics

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2019
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Heinrich, Mary Katherine
von Mammen, Sebastian
Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas
Zahadat, Payam
Skrzypczak, Tomasz
Soorati, Mohammad Divband
Krela, Rafał
Kwiatkowski, Wojciech
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Interface: Journal of the Royal Society ; 16 (2019), 156. - 20190238. - Royal Society of London. - ISSN 1742-5689. - eISSN 1742-5662
Abstract
Biohybrid robotics takes an engineering approach to the expansion and exploitation of biological behaviours for application to automated tasks. Here, we identify the construction of living buildings and infrastructure as a high-potential application domain for biohybrid robotics, and review technological advances relevant to its future development. Construction, civil infrastructure maintenance and building occupancy in the last decades have comprised a major portion of economic production, energy consumption and carbon emissions. Integrating biological organisms into automated construction tasks and permanent building components therefore has high potential for impact. Live materials can provide several advantages over standard synthetic construction materials, including self-repair of damage, increase rather than degradation of structural performance over time, resilience to corrosive environments, support of biodiversity, and mitigation of urban heat islands. Here, we review relevant technologies, which are currently disparate. They span robotics, self-organizing systems, artificial life, construction automation, structural engineering, architecture, bioengineering, biomaterials, and molecular and cellular biology. In these disciplines, developments relevant to biohybrid construction and living buildings are in the early stages, and typically are not exchanged between disciplines. We, therefore, consider this review useful to the future development of biohybrid engineering for this highly interdisciplinary application.
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004 Computer Science
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hybrid, construction, biobot, biohybrid, self-organization, robotics
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ISO 690HEINRICH, Mary Katherine, Sebastian VON MAMMEN, Daniel Nicolas HOFSTADLER, Mostafa WAHBY, Payam ZAHADAT, Tomasz SKRZYPCZAK, Mohammad Divband SOORATI, Rafał KRELA, Wojciech KWIATKOWSKI, Heiko HAMANN, 2019. Constructing living buildings : a review of relevant technologies for a novel application of biohybrid robotics. In: Interface: Journal of the Royal Society. Royal Society of London. 16(156), 20190238. ISSN 1742-5689. eISSN 1742-5662. Available under: doi: 10.1098/rsif.2019.0238
BibTex
@article{Heinrich2019Const-58545,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1098/rsif.2019.0238},
  title={Constructing living buildings : a review of relevant technologies for a novel application of biohybrid robotics},
  number={156},
  volume={16},
  issn={1742-5689},
  journal={Interface: Journal of the Royal Society},
  author={Heinrich, Mary Katherine and von Mammen, Sebastian and Hofstadler, Daniel Nicolas and Wahby, Mostafa and Zahadat, Payam and Skrzypczak, Tomasz and Soorati, Mohammad Divband and Krela, Rafał and Kwiatkowski, Wojciech and Hamann, Heiko},
  note={Article Number: 20190238}
}
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