Journal article:
The positive eating scale : relationship with objective health parameters and validity in Germany, the USA and India

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March 4, 2018
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Abstract
Objective: The prevailing focus regarding eating behaviour is on restriction, concern, worry and pathology. In contrast, the purpose of the present studies was to focus on a positive relationship with eating in non-clinical samples from Germany, the USA and India.

Design: In Study 1, the Positive Eating Scale (PES) was tested and validated in a large longitudinal sample (T1: N = 772; T2: N = 510). In Study 2, the PES was tested in online samples from the USA, India and Germany (total N = 749).

Main Outcome Measures: Health risk status was measured in Study 1 with objective health parameters (fasting serum glucose, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood pressure, waist circumference, BMI).

Results: Study 1 revealed acceptable psychometric properties of the PES, internal consistency (α = .87), as well as test–retest reliability after six months (r = .67). Importantly, a positive relationship with eating was associated with decreased health risk factors six months later. In Study 2, the structure of the PES was confirmed for German, Indian and US-American adults, suggesting validity across remarkably different eating environments.

Conclusion: A positive relationship with eating might be a fruitful starting point for prevention and intervention programmes promoting physical and psychological health.
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Subject (DDC)
150 Psychology
Keywords
assessment, cross-country validity, normal eating, objective health parameters, positive relationship with eating
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Psychology & health ; 33 (2018), 3. - pp. 313-339. - ISSN 0887-0446. - eISSN 1476-8321
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Cite This
ISO 690SPROESSER, Gudrun, Verena KLUSMANN-WEISSKOPF, Matthew B. RUBY, Naomi ARBIT, Paul ROZIN, Harald T. SCHUPP, Britta RENNER, 2018. The positive eating scale : relationship with objective health parameters and validity in Germany, the USA and India. In: Psychology & health. 33(3), pp. 313-339. ISSN 0887-0446. eISSN 1476-8321. Available under: doi: 10.1080/08870446.2017.1336239
BibTex
@article{Sproesser2018-03-04posit-41077,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1080/08870446.2017.1336239},
  title={The positive eating scale : relationship with objective health parameters and validity in Germany, the USA and India},
  number={3},
  volume={33},
  issn={0887-0446},
  journal={Psychology & health},
  pages={313--339},
  author={Sproesser, Gudrun and Klusmann-Weißkopf, Verena and Ruby, Matthew B. and Arbit, Naomi and Rozin, Paul and Schupp, Harald T. and Renner, Britta}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Objective: The prevailing focus regarding eating behaviour is on restriction, concern, worry and pathology. In contrast, the purpose of the present studies was to focus on a positive relationship with eating in non-clinical samples from Germany, the USA and India.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Design: In Study 1, the Positive Eating Scale (PES) was tested and validated in a large longitudinal sample (T1: N = 772; T2: N = 510). In Study 2, the PES was tested in online samples from the USA, India and Germany (total N = 749).&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Main Outcome Measures: Health risk status was measured in Study 1 with objective health parameters (fasting serum glucose, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood pressure, waist circumference, BMI).&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Results: Study 1 revealed acceptable psychometric properties of the PES, internal consistency (α = .87), as well as test–retest reliability after six months (r = .67). Importantly, a positive relationship with eating was associated with decreased health risk factors six months later. In Study 2, the structure of the PES was confirmed for German, Indian and US-American adults, suggesting validity across remarkably different eating environments.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Conclusion: A positive relationship with eating might be a fruitful starting point for prevention and intervention programmes promoting physical and psychological health.</dcterms:abstract>
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