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The positive eating scale : relationship with objective health parameters and validity in Germany, the USA and India

The positive eating scale : relationship with objective health parameters and validity in Germany, the USA and India

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SPROESSER, Gudrun, Verena KLUSMANN, Matthew B. RUBY, Naomi ARBIT, Paul ROZIN, Harald SCHUPP, Britta RENNER, 2018. The positive eating scale : relationship with objective health parameters and validity in Germany, the USA and India. In: Psychology & health. 33(3), pp. 313-339. ISSN 0887-0446. eISSN 1476-8321. Available under: doi: 10.1080/08870446.2017.1336239

@article{Sproesser2018-03-04posit-41077, title={The positive eating scale : relationship with objective health parameters and validity in Germany, the USA and India}, year={2018}, doi={10.1080/08870446.2017.1336239}, number={3}, volume={33}, issn={0887-0446}, journal={Psychology & health}, pages={313--339}, author={Sproesser, Gudrun and Klusmann, Verena and Ruby, Matthew B. and Arbit, Naomi and Rozin, Paul and Schupp, Harald and Renner, Britta} }

2018-01-16T14:38:09Z Arbit, Naomi The positive eating scale : relationship with objective health parameters and validity in Germany, the USA and India Renner, Britta Rozin, Paul Objective: The prevailing focus regarding eating behaviour is on restriction, concern, worry and pathology. In contrast, the purpose of the present studies was to focus on a positive relationship with eating in non-clinical samples from Germany, the USA and India.<br /><br />Design: In Study 1, the Positive Eating Scale (PES) was tested and validated in a large longitudinal sample (T1: N = 772; T2: N = 510). In Study 2, the PES was tested in online samples from the USA, India and Germany (total N = 749).<br /><br />Main Outcome Measures: Health risk status was measured in Study 1 with objective health parameters (fasting serum glucose, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood pressure, waist circumference, BMI).<br /><br />Results: Study 1 revealed acceptable psychometric properties of the PES, internal consistency (α = .87), as well as test–retest reliability after six months (r = .67). Importantly, a positive relationship with eating was associated with decreased health risk factors six months later. In Study 2, the structure of the PES was confirmed for German, Indian and US-American adults, suggesting validity across remarkably different eating environments.<br /><br />Conclusion: A positive relationship with eating might be a fruitful starting point for prevention and intervention programmes promoting physical and psychological health. 2018-01-16T14:38:09Z Arbit, Naomi Klusmann, Verena Ruby, Matthew B. Sproesser, Gudrun Schupp, Harald Schupp, Harald 2018-03-04 Ruby, Matthew B. Sproesser, Gudrun Klusmann, Verena eng Rozin, Paul Renner, Britta

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