Glucocorticoids are differentially synthesized along the murine and human respiratory tree

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2023
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Renzulli, Pietro
Vrugt, Bart
Fleischmann, Achim
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Allergy. Wiley. 2023, 78(9), pp. 2428-2440. ISSN 0105-4538. eISSN 1398-9995. Available under: doi: 10.1111/all.15765
Zusammenfassung

Background: Synthetic glucocorticoids (GC) are effective in the treatment of in-flammatory diseases of the lung. However, long-term use leads to severe side effects. Endogenous GC can be synthesized locally, either de novo from choles-terol in a 11β- hydroxylase (Cy p11b1)- dependent manner, or by reactivation from 11- dehydrocorticosterone/cortisone by 11β- hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (Hsd11b1). We aimed to define the molecular pathways of endogenous GC synthesis along the respiratory tree to provide a basis for understanding how local GC synthesis contributes to tissue homeostasis.Methods: Expression of steroidogenic enzymes in murine lung epithelium was ana-lyzed by macroscopic and laser capture microdissection, followed by RT-qPCR. Flow cytometry analysis was performed to identify the cellular source of steroidogenic en-zymes. Additionally, the induction of steroidogenic enzyme expression in the lung was analyzed after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. mRNA and protein expression of steroidogenic enzymes was confirmed in human lung tissue by RT-qPCR and im-munohistochemistry. Furthermore, GC synthesis was examined in ex vivo cultures of fresh tissue from mice and human lobectomy patients.Results: We observed that the murine and human lung tissue differentially expresses synthesis pathway-determining enzymes along the respiratory tree. We detected Hsd11b1 expression in bronchial, alveolar, club and basal epithelial cells, whereas Cy p11b1 expression was detectable only in tracheal epithelial cells of mice. Accordingly, de novo synthesis of bioactive GC occurred in the large conducting airways, whereas reactivation occurred everywhere along the respiratory tree. Strikingly, Cy p11b1 but not Hsd11b1 expression was enhanced in the trachea upon LPS injection in mice.Conclusion: We report here the differential synthesis of bioactive GC along the murine and human respiratory tree. Thus, extra-adrenal de novo GC synthesis and reactivation may differentially contribute to the regulation of immunological and in-flammatory processes in the lung.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Immunology, Immunology and Allergy
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ISO 690MERK, Verena M., Pietro RENZULLI, Bart VRUGT, Achim FLEISCHMANN, Thomas BRUNNER, 2023. Glucocorticoids are differentially synthesized along the murine and human respiratory tree. In: Allergy. Wiley. 2023, 78(9), pp. 2428-2440. ISSN 0105-4538. eISSN 1398-9995. Available under: doi: 10.1111/all.15765
BibTex
@article{Merk2023-05-18Gluco-66955,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.1111/all.15765},
  title={Glucocorticoids are differentially synthesized along the murine and human respiratory tree},
  number={9},
  volume={78},
  issn={0105-4538},
  journal={Allergy},
  pages={2428--2440},
  author={Merk, Verena M. and Renzulli, Pietro and Vrugt, Bart and Fleischmann, Achim and Brunner, Thomas}
}
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