## The Refectory, Memoria, and Community

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2022
Journal article
Published
##### Published in
The Journal of Medieval Monastic Studies ; 11 (2022). - pp. 131-177. - Brepols. - ISSN 2034-3515. - eISSN 2034-3523
##### Abstract
According to Peter the Venerable, it was the existence of a refectory that determined whether an establishment was coenobitic or eremitic in nature. Over time the idea that a monastery without a refectory was not really a monastery increasingly took shape. The monastic refectory epitomises community like no other place within the monastery, a concept that is based on the Last Supper of the Apostles. This is a topic that has received considerable scholarly attention, yet its treatment remains uneven, focusing on the Cistercian Order in an architectural context and on the mendicants where the iconography is concerned. Few attempts have been made to link these aspects, nor to consider in a single study the connections between architecture, iconography, and the social practices that enliven the monastic refectory.
900 History
##### Keywords
community reform architecture iconography Last Supper pittances Refektorium refectory Kloster
##### Cite This
ISO 690SIGNORI, Gabriela, 2022. The Refectory, Memoria, and Community. In: The Journal of Medieval Monastic Studies. Brepols. 11, pp. 131-177. ISSN 2034-3515. eISSN 2034-3523. Available under: doi: 10.1484/J.JMMS.5.130744
BibTex
@article{Signori2022Refec-58949,
year={2022},
doi={10.1484/J.JMMS.5.130744},
title={The Refectory, Memoria, and Community},
volume={11},
issn={2034-3515},
journal={The Journal of Medieval Monastic Studies},
pages={131--177},
author={Signori, Gabriela}
}

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<dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">According to Peter the Venerable, it was the existence of a refectory that determined whether an establishment was coenobitic or eremitic in nature. Over time the idea that a monastery without a refectory was not really a monastery increasingly took shape. The monastic refectory epitomises community like no other place within the monastery, a concept that is based on the Last Supper of the Apostles. This is a topic that has received considerable scholarly attention, yet its treatment remains uneven, focusing on the Cistercian Order in an architectural context and on the mendicants where the iconography is concerned. Few attempts have been made to link these aspects, nor to consider in a single study the connections between architecture, iconography, and the social practices that enliven the monastic refectory.</dcterms:abstract>
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