Boosting long-term effects of degraded memories via acute stress

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2022
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van Schie, Kevin
Kang, Sahaj
Mertens, Gaëtan
Smeets, Tom
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Comprehensive psychoneuroendocrinology. Elsevier. 2022, 11, 100154. eISSN 2666-4976. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.cpnec.2022.100154
Zusammenfassung

Combining recall of an emotional memory with simultaneous horizontal eye movements (i.e., Recall + EM) reduces memory aversiveness. However, the long-term persistence of this effect is inconsistent across studies. Given that stress may aid in the consolidation of memories, we examined whether acute stress can boost the long-term effects of degraded memories. To test this, participants recalled two negative memories, which were assigned to a Recall + EM or Recall Only condition. Before and after each intervention they rated memory aversiveness (i.e., immediate effects) followed by a stress-induction or control procedure. After a 24h-period, participants rated each memory again (i.e., long-term effects). We found that Recall + EM produces immediate effects but that these effects dissolve over time. Moreover, acute stress did not boost potential long-term effects of Recall + EM. Degraded memories were not retained better by applying stress. We discuss these results and how long-term effectiveness may still be achieved.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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EMDR, Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, Eye movements, Dual-task intervention, Stress, Cortisol
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ISO 690VAN SCHIE, Kevin, Matthias BURGHART, Sahaj KANG, Gaëtan MERTENS, Tom SMEETS, 2022. Boosting long-term effects of degraded memories via acute stress. In: Comprehensive psychoneuroendocrinology. Elsevier. 2022, 11, 100154. eISSN 2666-4976. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.cpnec.2022.100154
BibTex
@article{vanSchie2022-08Boost-58289,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.1016/j.cpnec.2022.100154},
  title={Boosting long-term effects of degraded memories via acute stress},
  volume={11},
  journal={Comprehensive psychoneuroendocrinology},
  author={van Schie, Kevin and Burghart, Matthias and Kang, Sahaj and Mertens, Gaëtan and Smeets, Tom},
  note={Article Number: 100154}
}
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