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Accelerometer informed time-energy budgets reveal the importance of temperature to the activity of a wild, arid zone canid

Accelerometer informed time-energy budgets reveal the importance of temperature to the activity of a wild, arid zone canid

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TATLER, Jack, Shannon E. CURRIE, Phillip CASSEY, Anne K. SCHARF, David A. ROSHIER, Thomas A. A. PROWSE, 2021. Accelerometer informed time-energy budgets reveal the importance of temperature to the activity of a wild, arid zone canid. In: Movement ecology. BioMed Central. 9(1), 11. eISSN 2051-3933. Available under: doi: 10.1186/s40462-021-00246-w

@article{Tatler2021-03-18Accel-58133, title={Accelerometer informed time-energy budgets reveal the importance of temperature to the activity of a wild, arid zone canid}, year={2021}, doi={10.1186/s40462-021-00246-w}, number={1}, volume={9}, journal={Movement ecology}, author={Tatler, Jack and Currie, Shannon E. and Cassey, Phillip and Scharf, Anne K. and Roshier, David A. and Prowse, Thomas A. A.}, note={Article Number: 11} }

Accelerometer informed time-energy budgets reveal the importance of temperature to the activity of a wild, arid zone canid Currie, Shannon E. Tatler, Jack Cassey, Phillip Scharf, Anne K. 2022-07-22T08:52:35Z 2021-03-18 Cassey, Phillip Roshier, David A. Scharf, Anne K. Background:<br />Globally, arid regions are expanding and becoming hotter and drier with climate change. For medium and large bodied endotherms in the arid zone, the necessity to dissipate heat drives a range of adaptations, from behaviour to anatomy and physiology. Understanding how apex predators negotiate these landscapes and how they balance their energy is important as it may have broad impacts on ecosystem function.<br /><br />Methods:<br />We used tri-axial accelerometry (ACC) and GPS data collected from free-ranging dingoes in central Australia to investigate their activity-specific energetics, and activity patterns through time and space. We classified dingo activity into stationary, walking, and running behaviours, and estimated daily energy expenditure via activity-specific time-energy budgets developed using energy expenditure data derived from the literature. We tested whether dingoes behaviourally thermoregulate by modelling ODBA as a function of ambient temperature during the day and night. We used traditional distance measurements (GPS) as well as fine-scale activity (ODBA) data to assess their daily movement patterns.<br /><br />Results:<br />We retrieved ACC and GPS data from seven dingoes. Their mass-specific daily energy expenditure was significantly lower in summer (288 kJ kg− 1 day− 1) than winter (495 kJ kg− 1 day− 1; p = 0.03). Overall, dingoes were much less active during summer where 91% of their day was spent stationary in contrast to just 46% during winter. There was a sharp decrease in ODBA with increasing ambient temperature during the day (R2 = 0.59), whereas ODBA increased with increasing Ta at night (R2 = 0.39). Distance and ODBA were positively correlated (R = 0.65) and produced similar crepuscular patterns of activity.<br /><br />Conclusion:<br />Our results indicate that ambient temperature may drive the behaviour of dingoes. Seasonal differences of daily energy expenditure in free-ranging eutherian mammals have been found in several species, though this was the first time it has been observed in a wild canid. We conclude that the negative relationship between dingo activity (ODBA) and ambient temperature during the day implies that high heat gain from solar radiation may be a factor limiting diurnal dingo activity in an arid environment. Attribution 4.0 International Roshier, David A. Tatler, Jack Prowse, Thomas A. A. eng Prowse, Thomas A. A. Currie, Shannon E. 2022-07-22T08:52:35Z

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