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The gray areas of romance : A measure of presumptuous romantic intentions

The gray areas of romance : A measure of presumptuous romantic intentions

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VALSHTEIN, Timothy J., Peter M. GOLLWITZER, Gabriele OETTINGEN, 2022. The gray areas of romance : A measure of presumptuous romantic intentions. In: Psychological Assessment. American Psychological Association. 34(8), pp. 763-776. ISSN 1040-3590. eISSN 1939-134X. Available under: doi: 10.1037/pas0001145

@article{Valshtein2022-08areas-57854, title={The gray areas of romance : A measure of presumptuous romantic intentions}, year={2022}, doi={10.1037/pas0001145}, number={8}, volume={34}, issn={1040-3590}, journal={Psychological Assessment}, pages={763--776}, author={Valshtein, Timothy J. and Gollwitzer, Peter M. and Oettingen, Gabriele} }

The gray areas of romance : A measure of presumptuous romantic intentions eng 2022-06-28T08:44:29Z 2022-06-28T08:44:29Z Gollwitzer, Peter M. Valshtein, Timothy J. 2022-08 Valshtein, Timothy J. Gollwitzer, Peter M. Oettingen, Gabriele Oettingen, Gabriele To capture the attention of a romantic partner requires thoughtful selection of effective pursuit strategies. Sometimes, these strategies err on the side of caution; in other instances, pursuers can take a bolder approach to their courtship endeavors. In the present research, we developed a measure capturing the degree to which a romantic pursuer intends to take a presumptuous course of action. Across five studies (N<sub>total</sub> = 2,137), we validated a 13-item self-report measure: the presumptuous romantic intentions (PRI) scale. First, we used a training set to refine item content and explore factor structures. Then, using a validation set, we confirmed a bifactor solution with one general and three auxiliary factors. We then observed test–retest reliability over periods of 3 and 4 weeks, found strict measurement invariance across both relationship status (single and partnered individuals) and across gender (women and men). We also found that PRI predicted actual presumptuous romantic behavior over the subsequent month. Finally, we established a pattern of convergent and discriminant associations with relationship measures, socioemotional outcomes, executive function, dark personality traits and more. This new measure may be of interest to researchers studying intimate relationships, partner violence, and the gray area in between.

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