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Molecular parallelism in the evolution of a master sex-determining role for the anti-Mullerian hormone receptor 2 gene (amhr2) in Midas cichlids

Molecular parallelism in the evolution of a master sex-determining role for the anti-Mullerian hormone receptor 2 gene (amhr2) in Midas cichlids

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NACIF, Camila L., Claudius F. KRATOCHWIL, Andreas F. KAUTT, Alexander NATER, Gonzalo MACHADO-SCHIAFFINO, Axel MEYER, Frederico HENNING, 2022. Molecular parallelism in the evolution of a master sex-determining role for the anti-Mullerian hormone receptor 2 gene (amhr2) in Midas cichlids. In: Molecular Ecology. Wiley. ISSN 0962-1083. eISSN 1365-294X. Available under: doi: 10.1111/mec.16466

@article{Nacif2022-04-11Molec-57421, title={Molecular parallelism in the evolution of a master sex-determining role for the anti-Mullerian hormone receptor 2 gene (amhr2) in Midas cichlids}, year={2022}, doi={10.1111/mec.16466}, issn={0962-1083}, journal={Molecular Ecology}, author={Nacif, Camila L. and Kratochwil, Claudius F. and Kautt, Andreas F. and Nater, Alexander and Machado-Schiaffino, Gonzalo and Meyer, Axel and Henning, Frederico} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/57421"> <dc:creator>Kautt, Andreas F.</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Nater, Alexander</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/57421"/> <dc:creator>Nater, Alexander</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Molecular parallelism in the evolution of a master sex-determining role for the anti-Mullerian hormone receptor 2 gene (amhr2) in Midas cichlids</dcterms:title> <dc:creator>Kratochwil, Claudius F.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Machado-Schiaffino, Gonzalo</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Nacif, Camila L.</dc:contributor> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"/> <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights> <dc:creator>Nacif, Camila L.</dc:creator> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:creator>Meyer, Axel</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Kratochwil, Claudius F.</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Henning, Frederico</dc:contributor> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:contributor>Kautt, Andreas F.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Henning, Frederico</dc:creator> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The evolution of sex chromosomes and their differentiation from autosomes is a major event during genome evolution that happened many times in several lineages. The repeated evolution and lability of sex-determination mechanisms in fishes makes this a well-suited system to test for general patterns in evolution. According to current theory, differentiation is triggered by the suppression of recombination following the evolution of a new master sex-determining gene. However, the molecular mechanisms that establish recombination suppression are known from few examples, owing to the intrinsic difficulties of assembling sex-determining regions (SDRs). The development of forward-genetics and long-read sequencing have generated a wealth of data questioning central aspects of the current theory. Here, we demonstrate that sex in Midas cichlids is determined by an XY system, and identify and assemble the SDR by combining forward-genetics, long-read sequencing and optical mapping. We show how long-reads aid in the detection of artefacts in genotype-phenotype mapping that arise from incomplete genome assemblies. The male-specific region is restricted to a 100-kb segment on chromosome 4 that harbours transposable elements and a Y-specific duplicate of the anti-Mullerian receptor 2 gene, which has evolved master sex-determining functions repeatedly. Our data suggest that amhr2Y originated by an interchromosomal translocation from chromosome 20 to 4 pre-dating the split of Midas and Flier cichlids. In the latter, it is pseudogenized and translocated to another chromosome. Duplication of anti-Mullerian genes is a common route to establishing new sex determiners, highlighting the role of molecular parallelism in the evolution of sex determination.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Machado-Schiaffino, Gonzalo</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-05-04T08:51:36Z</dcterms:available> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-05-04T08:51:36Z</dc:date> <dcterms:issued>2022-04-11</dcterms:issued> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Meyer, Axel</dc:contributor> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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