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Postglacial evolution of Lake Constance: sedimentological and geochemical evidence from a deep-basin sediment core

Postglacial evolution of Lake Constance: sedimentological and geochemical evidence from a deep-basin sediment core

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SCHALLER, Sebastian, Michael E. BÖTTCHER, Marius W. BUECHI, Laura S. EPP, Stefano C. FABBRI, Natacha GRIBENSKI, Ulrich HARMS, Sebastian KRASTEL, Alina LIEBEZEIT, David SCHLEHECK, 2022. Postglacial evolution of Lake Constance: sedimentological and geochemical evidence from a deep-basin sediment core. In: Swiss Journal of Geosciences. Springer. 115(1), 7. ISSN 1661-8726. eISSN 1661-8734. Available under: doi: 10.1186/s00015-022-00412-1

@article{Schaller2022-12Postg-57025, title={Postglacial evolution of Lake Constance: sedimentological and geochemical evidence from a deep-basin sediment core}, year={2022}, doi={10.1186/s00015-022-00412-1}, number={1}, volume={115}, issn={1661-8726}, journal={Swiss Journal of Geosciences}, author={Schaller, Sebastian and Böttcher, Michael E. and Buechi, Marius W. and Epp, Laura S. and Fabbri, Stefano C. and Gribenski, Natacha and Harms, Ulrich and Krastel, Sebastian and Liebezeit, Alina and Schleheck, David}, note={Article Number: 7} }

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The overdeepening was formed by repeated glacial advance-retreat cycles of the Rhine Glacier throughout the Middle to Late Pleistocene. A seismic survey of Lake Constance revealed a Quaternary sediment fill of more than 150 m thickness representing at least the last glacial cycle. The stratified sedimentary fill consists at the base of ice-contact deposits on top of the molasse bedrock, overlain by glaciolacustrine to lacustrine sediments. During the successful field test of a newly developed, mid-size coring system ("HIPERCORIG"), the longest core (HIBO19) ever taken in Lake Constance was retrieved with an overall length of 24 m. The sediments recovered consist of a nearly continuous succession of lacustrine silts and sands including more than 12 m of Late Glacial sediment at the base. 14 lithotypes were identified through petrophysical and geochemical analyses. In combination with a 14C- and OSL-based age-depth model, the core was divided into three main chronostratigraphic units. The basal age of ~ 13.7 ka BP dates the base of the succession back to the Bølling-Allerød interstadial, with overlying strata representing a complete and thick Younger-Dryas to Holocene succession. The sediments offer a high-resolution insight into the evolution of paleo-Lake Constance from a cold, postglacial to a more productive and warmer Holocene lake. The Late Glacial succession is dominated by massive, m-thick sand beds reflecting episodic sedimentation pulses. They are most likely linked to a subaquatic channel system originating in the river Seefelder Aach, which is, despite the Holocene drape, still apparent in today’s lake bathymetry. The overlying Holocene succession reveals a prominent, several cm-thick, double-turbiditic event layer representing the most distal impact of the Flimser Bergsturz, the largest known rockslide of the Alps that occurred over 100 km upstream the river Rhine at ~ 9.5 ka BP. Furthermore, lithologic variations in the Holocene succession document the varying sediment loads of the river Rhine and the endogenic production representing a multitude of environmental changes.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:contributor>Buechi, Marius W.</dc:contributor> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/57025/1/Schaller_2-1wioh4a9sgf7o6.pdf"/> <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights> <dc:creator>Harms, Ulrich</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/57025"/> <dc:creator>Liebezeit, Alina</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Krastel, Sebastian</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Gribenski, Natacha</dc:contributor> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:creator>Schleheck, David</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Harms, Ulrich</dc:contributor> <dcterms:issued>2022-12</dcterms:issued> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-03-28T15:25:10Z</dc:date> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:creator>Fabbri, Stefano C.</dc:creator> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>Epp, Laura S.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Krastel, Sebastian</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Schaller, Sebastian</dc:creator> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/57025/1/Schaller_2-1wioh4a9sgf7o6.pdf"/> <dc:contributor>Liebezeit, Alina</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Böttcher, Michael E.</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2022-03-28T15:25:10Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:contributor>Fabbri, Stefano C.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Gribenski, Natacha</dc:creator> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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