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The Movement Ecology of the Straw-Colored Fruit Bat, Eidolon helvum, in Sub-Saharan Africa Assessed by Stable Isotope Ratios

The Movement Ecology of the Straw-Colored Fruit Bat, Eidolon helvum, in Sub-Saharan Africa Assessed by Stable Isotope Ratios

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OSSA, Gonzalo, Stephanie KRAMER-SCHADT, Alison J. PEEL, Anne K. SCHARF, Christian C. VOIGT, 2012. The Movement Ecology of the Straw-Colored Fruit Bat, Eidolon helvum, in Sub-Saharan Africa Assessed by Stable Isotope Ratios. In: PLoS one. Public Library of Science (PLoS). 7(9), e45729. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045729

@article{Ossa2012Movem-52732, title={The Movement Ecology of the Straw-Colored Fruit Bat, Eidolon helvum, in Sub-Saharan Africa Assessed by Stable Isotope Ratios}, year={2012}, doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0045729}, number={9}, volume={7}, journal={PLoS one}, author={Ossa, Gonzalo and Kramer-Schadt, Stephanie and Peel, Alison J. and Scharf, Anne K. and Voigt, Christian C.}, note={Article Number: e45729} }

Scharf, Anne K. 2021-02-05T09:16:24Z Voigt, Christian C. Flying foxes (Pteropodidae) are key seed dispersers on the African continent, yet their migratory behavior is largely unknown. Here, we studied the movement ecology of the straw-colored fruit bat, Eidolon helvum, and other fruit bats by analyzing stable isotope ratios in fur collected from museum specimens. In a triple-isotope approach based on samples of two ecologically similar non-migratory pteropodids, we first confirmed that a stable isotope approach is capable of delineating between geographically distinct locations in Sub-Saharan Africa. A discriminant function analysis assigned 84% of individuals correctly to their capture site. Further, we assessed how well hydrogen stable isotope ratios (δ<sup>2</sup>H) of fur keratin collected from non-migratory species (n = 191 individuals) records variation in δ<sup>2</sup>H of precipitation water in sub-Saharan Africa. Overall, we found positive, negative and no correlations within the six studied species. We then developed a reduced major axis regression equation based on individual data of non-migratory species to predict where potentially migratory E. helvum (n = 88) would come from based on their keratin δ<sup>2</sup>H. Across non-migratory species, δ<sup>2</sup>H of keratin and local water correlated positively. Based on the isoscape origin model, 22% of E. helvum were migratory, i.e. individuals had migrated over at least 250 km prior to their capture. Migratory individuals came from locations at a median distance of about 860 km from the collection site, four even from distances of at least 2,000 km. Ground-truthing of our isoscape origin model based on keratin δ<sup>2</sup>H of extant E. helvum (n = 76) supported a high predictive power of assigning the provenance of African flying foxes. Our study highlights that stable isotope ratios can be used to explain the migratory behavior of flying foxes, even on the isotopically relatively homogenous African continent, and with material collected by museums many decades or more than a century ago. Peel, Alison J. Scharf, Anne K. Kramer-Schadt, Stephanie Ossa, Gonzalo Kramer-Schadt, Stephanie The Movement Ecology of the Straw-Colored Fruit Bat, Eidolon helvum, in Sub-Saharan Africa Assessed by Stable Isotope Ratios Ossa, Gonzalo Voigt, Christian C. Attribution 4.0 International 2012 Peel, Alison J. 2021-02-05T09:16:24Z eng

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