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Changes in self-esteem and chronic disease across adulthood : a 16-year longitudinal analysis

Changes in self-esteem and chronic disease across adulthood : a 16-year longitudinal analysis

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LIU, Sarah Y., Carsten WROSCH, Alexandre J.S. MORIN, Amélie QUESNEL-VALLÉE, Jens C. PRUESSNER, 2019. Changes in self-esteem and chronic disease across adulthood : a 16-year longitudinal analysis. In: Social Science & Medicine. 242, 112600. ISSN 0277-9536. eISSN 0277-9536. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112600

@article{Liu2019-12Chang-47277, title={Changes in self-esteem and chronic disease across adulthood : a 16-year longitudinal analysis}, year={2019}, doi={10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112600}, volume={242}, issn={0277-9536}, journal={Social Science & Medicine}, author={Liu, Sarah Y. and Wrosch, Carsten and Morin, Alexandre J.S. and Quesnel-Vallée, Amélie and Pruessner, Jens C.}, note={Article Number: 112600} }

2019-12 Morin, Alexandre J.S. 2019-10-21T14:31:52Z Quesnel-Vallée, Amélie 2019-10-21T14:31:52Z Morin, Alexandre J.S. Quesnel-Vallée, Amélie Wrosch, Carsten Liu, Sarah Y. Pruessner, Jens C. Rationale<br />Self-esteem is an adaptive personality factor that has been associated with good physical health. While research has observed that self-esteem and physical health typically decline in older adulthood, there is a paucity of research investigating the associations between changes in self-esteem and physical health across the adult lifespan.<br /><br />Objective<br />The present study examined whether changes in selfesteem and chronic disease exert reciprocal effects on subsequent changes in self-esteem and disease. In addition, it investigated whether individuals' age would moderate these associations.<br /><br />Methods<br />The study analyzed data from 14,117 adult (18+) Canadians who completed surveys over 16 years, from cycles 1 to 9 of the National Population Health Survey (NPHS). Self-esteem, chronic diseases, and demographic information were collected.<br /><br />Results<br />Cross-lagged panel analyses indicated reciprocal age-related associations between changes in self-esteem and chronic disease. Initial decline in self-esteem predicted subsequent increases in chronic disease, and initial increases in chronic disease predicted subsequent declines in self-esteem, only among young adults, and not middle-aged or older adults.<br /><br />Conclusion<br />These results suggest that age may qualify the associations between declines in self-esteem and physical health and that adverse changes in both factors may be particularly problematic for young adults' prospective personality functioning and physical health. eng Wrosch, Carsten Pruessner, Jens C. Changes in self-esteem and chronic disease across adulthood : a 16-year longitudinal analysis Liu, Sarah Y.

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