Sex differences in risk-taking and associative learning in rats

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JOLLES, Jolle W., Neeltje J. BOOGERT, Ruud VAN DEN BOS, 2015. Sex differences in risk-taking and associative learning in rats. In: Royal Society Open Science. 2(11), 150485. eISSN 2054-5703. Available under: doi: 10.1098/rsos.150485

@article{Jolles2015-11diffe-46399, title={Sex differences in risk-taking and associative learning in rats}, year={2015}, doi={10.1098/rsos.150485}, number={11}, volume={2}, journal={Royal Society Open Science}, author={Jolles, Jolle W. and Boogert, Neeltje J. and van den Bos, Ruud}, note={Article Number: 150485} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dc:creator>Boogert, Neeltje J.</dc:creator> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Jolles, Jolle W.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>van den Bos, Ruud</dc:creator> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:title>Sex differences in risk-taking and associative learning in rats</dcterms:title> <dc:contributor>Jolles, Jolle W.</dc:contributor> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource=""/> <dc:contributor>van den Bos, Ruud</dc:contributor> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Boogert, Neeltje J.</dc:contributor> <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights> <dcterms:issued>2015-11</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2019-07-16T12:46:40Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">In many species, males tend to have lower parental investment than females and greater variance in their reproductive success. Males might therefore be expected to adopt more high-risk, high-return behaviours than females. Next to risk-taking behaviour itself, sexes might also differ in how they respond to information and learn new associations owing to the fundamental link of these cognitive processes with the risk-reward axis. Here we investigated sex differences in both risk-taking and learned responses to risk by measuring male and female rats' (Rattus norvegicus) behaviour across three contexts in an open field test containing cover. We found that when the environment was novel, males spent more time out of cover than females. Males also hid less when exposed to the test arena containing predator odour. By contrast, females explored more than males when the predator odour was removed (associatively learned risk). These results suggest that males are more risk-prone but behave more in line with previous experiences, while females are more risk-averse and more responsive to changes in their current environment. Our results suggest that male and female rats differ in how they cope with risk and highlight that a general link may exist between risk-taking behaviour and learning style.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2019-07-16T12:46:40Z</dc:date> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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