Post-Conflict Risks

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COLLIER, Paul, Måns SÖDERBOM, Anke HOEFFLER, 2008. Post-Conflict Risks. In: Journal of Peace Research. 45(4), pp. 461-478. ISSN 0022-3433. eISSN 1460-3578. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0022343308091356

@article{Collier2008-07PostC-45552, title={Post-Conflict Risks}, year={2008}, doi={10.1177/0022343308091356}, number={4}, volume={45}, issn={0022-3433}, journal={Journal of Peace Research}, pages={461--478}, author={Collier, Paul and Söderbom, Måns and Hoeffler, Anke} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dc:creator>Collier, Paul</dc:creator> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dc:contributor>Collier, Paul</dc:contributor> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2019-03-26T13:06:49Z</dc:date> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:issued>2008-07</dcterms:issued> <dc:creator>Hoeffler, Anke</dc:creator> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Post-conflict societies face two distinctive challenges: economic recovery and reduction of the risk of a recurring conflict. Aid and policy reforms have been found to be effective in economic recovery. In this article, the authors concentrate on the other challenge – risk reduction. The post-conflict peace is typically fragile: nearly half of all civil wars are due to post-conflict relapses. The authors find that economic development substantially reduces risks, but it takes a long time. They also find evidence that UN peacekeeping expenditures significantly reduce the risk of renewed war. The effect is large: doubling expenditure reduces the risk from 40% to 31%. In contrast to these results, the authors cannot find any systematic influence of elections on the reduction of war risk. Therefore, post-conflict elections should be promoted as intrinsically desirable rather than as mechanisms for increasing the durability of the post-conflict peace. Based on these results, the authors suggest that peace appears to depend upon an external military presence sustaining a gradual economic recovery, with political design playing a somewhat subsidiary role. Since there is a relationship between the severity of post-conflict risks and the level of income at the end of the conflict, this provides a clear and uncontroversial principle for resource allocation: resources per capita should be approximately inversely proportional to the level of income in the post-conflict country.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:creator>Söderbom, Måns</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2019-03-26T13:06:49Z</dcterms:available> <dc:contributor>Söderbom, Måns</dc:contributor> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:title>Post-Conflict Risks</dcterms:title> <dc:contributor>Hoeffler, Anke</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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