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Auditory Memory Decay as Reflected by a New Mismatch Negativity Score Is Associated with Episodic Memory in Older Adults at Risk of Dementia

Auditory Memory Decay as Reflected by a New Mismatch Negativity Score Is Associated with Episodic Memory in Older Adults at Risk of Dementia

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LAPTINSKAYA, Daria, Franka THURM, Olivia C. KÜSTER, Patrick FISSLER, Winfried SCHLEE, Stephan KOLASSA, Christine A. F. VON ARNIM, Iris-Tatjana KOLASSA, 2018. Auditory Memory Decay as Reflected by a New Mismatch Negativity Score Is Associated with Episodic Memory in Older Adults at Risk of Dementia. In: Frontiers in aging neuroscience. 10, 5. eISSN 1663-4365. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2018.00005

@article{Laptinskaya2018Audit-41522, title={Auditory Memory Decay as Reflected by a New Mismatch Negativity Score Is Associated with Episodic Memory in Older Adults at Risk of Dementia}, year={2018}, doi={10.3389/fnagi.2018.00005}, volume={10}, journal={Frontiers in aging neuroscience}, author={Laptinskaya, Daria and Thurm, Franka and Küster, Olivia C. and Fissler, Patrick and Schlee, Winfried and Kolassa, Stephan and von Arnim, Christine A. F. and Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana}, note={Article Number: 5} }

Fissler, Patrick Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana Thurm, Franka 2018-02-21T09:47:22Z Schlee, Winfried Schlee, Winfried 2018-02-21T09:47:22Z Küster, Olivia C. The auditory mismatch negativity (MMN) is an event-related potential (ERP) peaking about 100-250 ms after the onset of a deviant tone in a sequence of identical (standard) tones. Depending on the interstimulus interval (ISI) between standard and deviant tones, the MMN is suitable to investigate the pre-attentive auditory discrimination ability (short ISIs, ≤ 2 s) as well as the pre-attentive auditory memory trace (long ISIs, >2 s). However, current results regarding the MMN as an index for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia are mixed, especially after short ISIs: while the majority of studies report positive associations between the MMN and cognition, others fail to find such relationships. To elucidate these so far inconsistent results, we investigated the validity of the MMN as an index for cognitive impairment exploring the associations between different MMN indices and cognitive performance, more specifically with episodic memory performance which is among the most affected cognitive domains in the course of Alzheimer's dementia (AD), at baseline and at a 5-year-follow-up. We assessed the amplitude of the MMN for short ISI (stimulus onset asynchrony, SOA = 0.05 s) and for long ISI (3 s) in a neuropsychologically well-characterized cohort of older adults at risk of dementia (subjective memory impairment, amnestic and non-amnestic MCI;n= 57). Furthermore, we created a novel difference score (ΔMMN), defined as the difference between MMNs to short and to long ISI, as a measure to assess the decay of the auditory memory trace, higher values indicating less decay. ΔMMN and MMN amplitude after long ISI, but not the MMN amplitude after short ISI, was associated with episodic memory at baseline (β= 0.38,p= 0.003;β= -0.27,p= 0.047, respectively). ΔMMN, but not the MMN for long ISIs, was positively associated with episodic memory performance at the 5-year-follow-up (β= 0.57,p= 0.013). The results suggest that the MMN after long ISI might be suitable as an indicator for the decline in episodic memory and indicate ΔMMN as a potential biomarker for memory impairment in older adults at risk of dementia. 2018 eng Thurm, Franka Kolassa, Stephan von Arnim, Christine A. F. Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana Laptinskaya, Daria terms-of-use Laptinskaya, Daria Küster, Olivia C. von Arnim, Christine A. F. Auditory Memory Decay as Reflected by a New Mismatch Negativity Score Is Associated with Episodic Memory in Older Adults at Risk of Dementia Fissler, Patrick Kolassa, Stephan

Dateiabrufe seit 21.02.2018 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

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