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Self-Organization and Collective Behavior in Vertebrates

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COUZIN, Iain D., Jens KRAUSE, 2003. Self-Organization and Collective Behavior in Vertebrates. In: Advances in the Study of Behavior. 32, pp. 1-75. ISSN 0065-3454. Available under: doi: 10.1016/S0065-3454(03)01001-5

@article{Couzin2003SelfO-39959, title={Self-Organization and Collective Behavior in Vertebrates}, year={2003}, doi={10.1016/S0065-3454(03)01001-5}, volume={32}, issn={0065-3454}, journal={Advances in the Study of Behavior}, pages={1--75}, author={Couzin, Iain D. and Krause, Jens} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dcterms:title>Self-Organization and Collective Behavior in Vertebrates</dcterms:title> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2017-09-04T09:20:03Z</dc:date> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Krause, Jens</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2003</dcterms:issued> <dc:contributor>Couzin, Iain D.</dc:contributor> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The chapter discusses an emerging area of study: that of applying self-organization theory to mobile vertebrate groups composed of many interacting individuals such as bird flocks, ungulate herds, fish schools, and human crowds in an attempt to improve our understanding of underlying organizational principles. Mathematical modeling is becoming increasingly recognized as an important research tool when studying collective behavior. The chapter presents the interaction dynamics among individuals result in the formation, internal structuring, and collective behaviors of vertebrate groups. The chapter explores the distribution of grouping individuals over larger spatial and temporal scales, and discusses how individual behaviors lead to population-level dynamics. Behavioral differences among individuals within a group may have an important internal structuring influence. By using simulation models, it can be shown how individuals can modify their positions relative to other group members without necessitating information about their current position within the group. In considering self-organization within vertebrate groups it is evident that the organization at one level, for example, that of the group relates to that at higher levels. For example, self-sorting processes that lead to internal structuring within groups also result in population-level patterns when such groups fragment, thus affecting the probability that an individual will be in a group of a given size and composition at any moment in time. These population properties then feed back to the individual interactions by changing the probability of encounters among different members of a population. The chapter concludes that to understand collective behaviors fully, these properties cannot necessarily be considered in isolation.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:contributor>Krause, Jens</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:creator>Couzin, Iain D.</dc:creator> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2017-09-04T09:20:03Z</dcterms:available> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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