Social bet-hedging in vampire bats

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CARTER, Gerald G., Damien R. FARINE, Gerald S. WILKINSON, 2017. Social bet-hedging in vampire bats. In: Biology Letters. 13(5), 20170112. ISSN 1744-9561. eISSN 1744-957X. Available under: doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2017.0112

@article{Carter2017-05-24Socia-39081, title={Social bet-hedging in vampire bats}, year={2017}, doi={10.1098/rsbl.2017.0112}, number={5}, volume={13}, issn={1744-9561}, journal={Biology Letters}, author={Carter, Gerald G. and Farine, Damien R. and Wilkinson, Gerald S.}, note={Article Number: 20170112} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:creator>Wilkinson, Gerald S.</dc:creator> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2017-05-31T14:41:22Z</dc:date> <dcterms:title>Social bet-hedging in vampire bats</dcterms:title> <dc:contributor>Carter, Gerald G.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Carter, Gerald G.</dc:creator> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Farine, Damien R.</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2017-05-31T14:41:22Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Helping kin or nonkin can provide direct fitness benefits, but helping kin also benefits indirect fitness. Why then should organisms invest in cooperative partnerships with nonkin, if kin relationships are available and more beneficial? One explanation is that a kin-limited support network is too small and risky. Even if additional weaker partnerships reduce immediate net cooperative returns, individuals extending cooperation to nonkin can maintain a larger social network which reduces the potential costs associated with losing a primary cooperation partner. Just as financial or evolutionary bet-hedging strategies can reduce risk, investing in quantity of social relationships at the expense of relationship quality ('social bet-hedging') can reduce the risks posed by unpredictable social environments. Here, we provide evidence for social bet-hedging in food-sharing vampire bats. When we experimentally removed a key food-sharing partner, females that previously fed a greater number of unrelated females suffered a smaller reduction in food received. Females that invested in more nonkin bonds did not do better under normal conditions, but they coped better with partner loss. Hence, loss of a key partner revealed the importance of weaker nonkin bonds. Social bet-hedging can have important implications for social network structure by influencing how individuals form relationships.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:issued>2017-05-24</dcterms:issued> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Farine, Damien R.</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <dc:contributor>Wilkinson, Gerald S.</dc:contributor> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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