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Increased cortisol awakening response and afternoon/evening cortisol output in healthy young adults with low early life parental care

Increased cortisol awakening response and afternoon/evening cortisol output in healthy young adults with low early life parental care

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ENGERT, Veronika, Simona I. EFANOV, Katarina DEDOVIC, Alain DAGHER, Jens C. PRUESSNER, 2011. Increased cortisol awakening response and afternoon/evening cortisol output in healthy young adults with low early life parental care. In: Psychopharmacology. 214(1), pp. 261-268. ISSN 0033-3158. eISSN 1432-2072

@article{Engert2011-03Incre-38467, title={Increased cortisol awakening response and afternoon/evening cortisol output in healthy young adults with low early life parental care}, year={2011}, doi={10.1007/s00213-010-1918-4}, number={1}, volume={214}, issn={0033-3158}, journal={Psychopharmacology}, pages={261--268}, author={Engert, Veronika and Efanov, Simona I. and Dedovic, Katarina and Dagher, Alain and Pruessner, Jens C.} }

2017-04-11T09:34:36Z Rationale<br /><br />Growing evidence from animal and human studies suggests a profound and long-lasting influence of early life experiences—ranging from variations in parenting behavior to severe adversity—on hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis function.<br /><br />Objectives<br /><br />The aim of the current investigation was to examine the association between naturally occurring variations in early life parental care and the cortisol awakening response (CAR), afternoon/evening cortisol output and key psychological variables in a sample of healthy young adults.<br /><br />Methods<br /><br />Fifty-eight (19 male and 39 female) participants between 18 and 30 years of age completed psychological questionnaires and collected saliva at awakening, 30 min thereafter and at 3 p.m., 6 p.m., and 9 p.m. on three non-consecutive weekdays.<br /><br />Results<br /><br />Participants with low (compared to high) parental care experiences exhibited an increased CAR, increased afternoon/evening cortisol output, decreased self-esteem, and increased depressive symptomatology and anxiety.<br /><br />Conclusions<br /><br />We suggest that the elevated CAR and afternoon/evening cortisol levels might reflect a biological correlate of adversity-induced vulnerability for psychopathology. This study is first to show an association between the retrospective perception of early life parental care and cortisol circadian rhythms in healthy young adults. Efanov, Simona I. Engert, Veronika Pruessner, Jens C. Dagher, Alain Efanov, Simona I. Increased cortisol awakening response and afternoon/evening cortisol output in healthy young adults with low early life parental care eng Engert, Veronika Dedovic, Katarina 2011-03 Dagher, Alain 2017-04-11T09:34:36Z Pruessner, Jens C. Dedovic, Katarina

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