The Syntax-Prosody Interface in Lexical Functional Grammar

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BÖGEL, Tina, 2015. The Syntax-Prosody Interface in Lexical Functional Grammar

@phdthesis{Bogel2015Synta-38354, title={The Syntax-Prosody Interface in Lexical Functional Grammar}, year={2015}, author={Bögel, Tina}, address={Konstanz}, school={Universität Konstanz} }

The Syntax-Prosody Interface in Lexical Functional Grammar 2017-04-06T07:15:12Z This thesis develops a new approach to the syntax–prosody interface and establishes the integration of the phonological module into Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG). LFG is a modular grammar theory, which (among other questions) is interested in the relation between form and meaning, i.e., between what is said/perceived and what is intended/understood. An important factor with respect to this question is the distinction between two perspectives that are essential for the communication between speaker and listener: 1) comprehension, which discusses the question as to how information from a concrete speech signal influences syntactic phrasing and with it the fundamental ‘understanding’ of what is being said. And 2) production, which is concerned with the question how the speaker’s intention is transformed into an utterance. The focus in this thesis is on a specific fragment in this larger model of communication: the syntax–prosody interface.<br />Given a concrete speech signal, the prosodic grouping of its elements is, on the one hand, related to the language’s internal syntactic structuring: Prosodic phrasing can influence syntactic phrasing in cases of syntactically ambiguous constructions, and syntax also determines prosodic phrasing in that the grouping of prosodic structure to a certain extent reflects (and is thus in part determined by) syntactic structure.<br />However, on the other hand, the edges of syntactic and prosodic constituents are frequently incongruent. One possible reason for this non-isomorphism between syntactic and prosodic phrasing is the rephrasing of prosodically unstressed material. For example, in some languages, function words can be prosodically phrased with a preceding (stressed) element, but are, at the same time, syntactically phrased with a following syntactic head. Such incongruencies between the syntactic and the phonological module are also frequently found in another group of elements, namely prosodically deficient clitics, whose syntactic and prosodic associations are not necessarily congruent and which can, under some circumstances, even change their position in the clause as a result of specific prosodic requirements.<br />From these observations it can be concluded that prosodic phrasing cannot be solely determined by syntactic phrasing. Instead, processes of prosodic restructuring have to be assumed independently of the syntax–prosody interface. The resulting underlying research question in this thesis is how this tension between intermodular communication and frequent non-isomorphism between syntactic and prosodic structure can be accounted for and how the different components at the syntax–prosody interface have to be arranged to allow for a straightforward analysis of a wide range of language phenomena.<br />With its modular architecture and intermodular projection functions, LFG constitutes the perfect environment for explorations at the interfaces. For the syntax– prosody interface, this thesis proposes a two-channelled communication between the syntactic and the phonological module: The transfer of structure, which abstractly encodes information on how a particular string of language is phrased in each module, and the transfer of vocabulary, which exchanges concrete information on lexical properties. In order to account for these transfer processes and for the restructuring of prosodic structure the existing grammatical framework is modified and extended: First, the lexicon as traditionally assumed in LFG is amended to include phonological information as well. Second, a new representation for the phonological module is developed, the p-diagram, which allows for a compact representation of relevant phonological (and prosodic) information. In combination with a set of postlexical phonological rules and constraints, this representation constitutes a fully functional and independent module, which can account for a wide variety of postlexical phonological processes, including prosodic restructuring (and with it the non-isomorphism between syntactic and prosodic structure).<br />This approach to the interface is supported by the analysis of specific phenomena in a number of different languages/dialects: (Standard) German genitive–dative alternation, Swabian pronouns, Degema en(do)clitics, and Pashto second position en(do)clitics. Each of these phenomena highlights (and challenges) a particular aspect of the interface. However, all of these phenomena can be straightforwardly accounted for by means of the syntax–prosody interface model as proposed in this thesis. 2017-04-06T07:15:12Z 2015 Bögel, Tina eng Bögel, Tina

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