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The effect of age on the personality and cognitive characteristics of three distinct risky driving offender groups

The effect of age on the personality and cognitive characteristics of three distinct risky driving offender groups

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BROWN, Thomas G., Marie Claude OUIMET, Manal ELDEB, Jacques TREMBLAY, Evelyn VINGILIS, Louise NADEAU, Jens PRUESSNER, Antoine BECHARA, 2017. The effect of age on the personality and cognitive characteristics of three distinct risky driving offender groups. In: Personality and Individual Differences. 113, pp. 48-56. ISSN 0191-8869. eISSN 1873-3549

@article{Brown2017-07effec-38197, title={The effect of age on the personality and cognitive characteristics of three distinct risky driving offender groups}, year={2017}, doi={10.1016/j.paid.2017.03.007}, volume={113}, issn={0191-8869}, journal={Personality and Individual Differences}, pages={48--56}, author={Brown, Thomas G. and Ouimet, Marie Claude and Eldeb, Manal and Tremblay, Jacques and Vingilis, Evelyn and Nadeau, Louise and Pruessner, Jens and Bechara, Antoine} }

2017-03-29T09:46:01Z Tremblay, Jacques Pruessner, Jens 2017-03-29T09:46:01Z Bechara, Antoine Nadeau, Louise Tremblay, Jacques Brown, Thomas G. 2017-07 Eldeb, Manal Bechara, Antoine eng Vingilis, Evelyn Vingilis, Evelyn Nadeau, Louise Pruessner, Jens Eldeb, Manal Ouimet, Marie Claude Ouimet, Marie Claude The effect of age on the personality and cognitive characteristics of three distinct risky driving offender groups Brown, Thomas G. Background<br /><br />We previously reported that in traffic offenders aged 19–39 years, different risky driving profiles were associated with unique personality, cognitive, and neurobiological characteristics. However, many of these characteristics evolve significantly with age. Secondary analysis on these data explored whether the characteristics associated with different risky driving profiles were influenced by driver age.<br /><br />Methods<br /><br />Data (N = 138) on three driving groups (i.e., alcohol impaired [DWI], reckless [SPEED], and impaired and reckless [MIXED]), and a low-risk control group [CTL] were stratified by age (younger: 19–28; older: 29–39). Younger and older drivers of each risky driving group were compared to their age-matched CTLs on driving simulation, personality, and cognitive control.<br /><br />Results<br /><br />In DWI, elevated behavioural disinhibition was observed only in older drivers. In MIXED, elevated reward sensitivity and risky driving behaviour were seen only in older drivers. In SPEED, greater risky driving and lower agreeableness personality were only seen in young drivers, while elevated sensation seeking and risk taking were observed only in older drivers.<br /><br />Discussion<br /><br />Unique processes predominate in distinct forms of risky driving behaviour at different developmental stages. More effective prevention strategies may require intervention tailoring based on both risky driving preference and age.

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