KOPS - Das Institutionelle Repositorium der Universität Konstanz

Exposure to the tsunami disaster, PTSD symptoms and increased substance use : an Internet based survey of male and female residents of Switzerland

Exposure to the tsunami disaster, PTSD symptoms and increased substance use : an Internet based survey of male and female residents of Switzerland

Zitieren

Dateien zu dieser Ressource

Prüfsumme: MD5:3b1ddeb9075311f61af7f14e9f589072

VETTER, Stefan, Astrid ROSSEGGER, Wulf ROSSLER, Jonathan I. BISSON, Jerome ENDRASS, 2008. Exposure to the tsunami disaster, PTSD symptoms and increased substance use : an Internet based survey of male and female residents of Switzerland. In: BMC Public Health. 8, 92. eISSN 1471-2458. Available under: doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-92

@article{Vetter2008-12Expos-37679, title={Exposure to the tsunami disaster, PTSD symptoms and increased substance use : an Internet based survey of male and female residents of Switzerland}, year={2008}, doi={10.1186/1471-2458-8-92}, volume={8}, journal={BMC Public Health}, author={Vetter, Stefan and Rossegger, Astrid and Rossler, Wulf and Bisson, Jonathan I. and Endrass, Jerome}, note={Article Number: 92} }

2008-12 Endrass, Jerome Rossegger, Astrid Vetter, Stefan Vetter, Stefan Endrass, Jerome Rossler, Wulf Rossegger, Astrid eng 2017-02-22T13:35:28Z Bisson, Jonathan I. Exposure to the tsunami disaster, PTSD symptoms and increased substance use : an Internet based survey of male and female residents of Switzerland 2017-02-22T13:35:28Z Bisson, Jonathan I. Background<br /><br />After the tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean basin an Internet based self-screening test was made available in order to facilitate contact with mental health services. Although primarily designed for surviving Swiss tourists as well as relatives and acquaintances of the victims, the screening instrument was open to anyone who felt psychologically affected by this disaster. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influences between self-declared increased substance use in the aftermath of the tsunami disaster, trauma exposure and current PTSD symptoms.<br /><br />Methods<br /><br />One section of the screening covered addiction related behavior. We analyzed the relationship between increased substance use, the level of PTSD symptoms and trauma exposure using multivariable logistic regression with substance use as the dependent variable. Included in the study were only subjects who reported being residents of Switzerland and the analyses were stratified by gender in order to control for possible socio-cultural or gender differences in the use of psychotropic substances.<br /><br />Results<br /><br />In women PTSD symptoms and degree of exposure enlarged the odds of increased alcohol, pharmaceuticals and cannabis use significantly. In men the relationship was more specific: PTSD symptoms and degree of exposure only enlarged the odds of increased pharmaceutical consumption significantly. Increases in alcohol, cannabis and tobacco use were only significantly associated with the degree of PTSD symptoms.<br /><br />Conclusion<br /><br />The tsunami was associated with increased substance use. This study not only replicates earlier findings but also suggests for a gender specificity of post-traumatic substance use increase. Rossler, Wulf

Dateiabrufe seit 22.02.2017 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

Vetter_0-384111.pdf 27

Das Dokument erscheint in:

KOPS Suche


Stöbern

Mein Benutzerkonto