Regioselective Acylation of Diols and Triols : The Cyanide Effect

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PENG, Peng, Michael LINSEIS, Rainer F. WINTER, Richard R. SCHMIDT, 2016. Regioselective Acylation of Diols and Triols : The Cyanide Effect. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society : JACS. 138(18), pp. 6002-6009. ISSN 0002-7863. eISSN 1520-5126

@article{Peng2016-05-11Regio-34617, title={Regioselective Acylation of Diols and Triols : The Cyanide Effect}, year={2016}, doi={10.1021/jacs.6b02454}, number={18}, volume={138}, issn={0002-7863}, journal={Journal of the American Chemical Society : JACS}, pages={6002--6009}, author={Peng, Peng and Linseis, Michael and Winter, Rainer F. and Schmidt, Richard R.} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/34617"> <dc:creator>Winter, Rainer F.</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2016-05-11</dcterms:issued> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/34617"/> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2016-07-01T08:24:32Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Central topics of carbohydrate chemistry embrace structural modifications of carbohydrates and oligosaccharide synthesis. Both require regioselectively protected building blocks that are mainly available via indirect multistep procedures. Hence, direct protection methods targeting a specific hydroxy group are demanded. Dual hydrogen bonding will eventually differentiate between differently positioned hydroxy groups. As cyanide is capable of various kinds of hydrogen bonding and as it is a quite strong sterically nondemanding base, regioselective O-acylations should be possible at low temperatures even at sterically congested positions, thus permitting formation and also isolation of the kinetic product. Indeed, 1,2-cis-diols, having an equatorial and an axial hydroxy group, benzoyl cyanide or acetyl cyanide as an acylating agent, and DMAP as a catalyst yield at -78 °C the thermodynamically unfavorable axial O-acylation product; acyl migration is not observed under these conditions. This phenomenon was substantiated with 3,4-O-unproteced galacto- and fucopyranosides and 2,3-O-unprotected mannopyranosides. Even for 3,4,6-O-unprotected galactopyranosides as triols, axial 4-O-acylation is appreciably faster than O-acylation of the primary 6-hydroxy group. The importance of hydrogen bonding for this unusual regioselectivity could be confirmed by NMR studies and DFT calculations, which indicate favorable hydrogen bonding of cyanide to the most acidic axial hydroxy group supported by hydrogen bonding of the equatorial hydroxy group to the axial oxygen. Thus, the "cyanide effect" is due to dual hydrogen bonding of the axial hydroxy group which enhances the nucleophilicity of the respective oxygen atom, permitting an even faster reaction for diols than for mono-ols. In contrast, fluoride as a counterion favors dual hydrogen bonding to both hydroxy groups leading to equatorial O-acylation.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:contributor>Schmidt, Richard R.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Schmidt, Richard R.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Peng, Peng</dc:creator> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Winter, Rainer F.</dc:contributor> <dcterms:title>Regioselective Acylation of Diols and Triols : The Cyanide Effect</dcterms:title> <dc:contributor>Linseis, Michael</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Peng, Peng</dc:contributor> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2016-07-01T08:24:32Z</dc:date> <dc:creator>Linseis, Michael</dc:creator> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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