How Episodic and Working Memory Affect Rule- and Memory-Based Judgments

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2013
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von Helversen, Bettina
Rieskamp, Jörg
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KNAUFF, Markus, ed. and others. Cooperative minds : social interaction and group dynamics ; proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, Texas: Cognitive Science Society, 2013, pp. 585-590. ISBN 978-0-9768318-9-1
Zusammenfassung

Making accurate judgments is an essential skill in everyday life. However, little is known about the basic cognitive skills required for accurate judgments. Research on judgment and categorization processes suggests that people rely on various strategies when making judgments. These strategies differ in the cognitive abilities they require. Specifically high working memory capacity may benefit rule-based judgments, whereas good long-term memory may be crucial for memory-based judgments. We investigated this hypothesis following an individual differences approach. 177 participants performed two judgment tasks that were either best solved by a rule-based or a memory-based strategy. Additionally, we measured working memory capacity and episodic memory with three tests. Consistent with our hypothesis structural equation modeling showed that working memory capacity predicted judgment accuracy in the rule-based task whereas episodic memory predicted judgment accuracy in the memory-based task. Apparently, different memory abilities are essential for successfully adopting different judgment strategies.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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Judgment and decision making; working memory; episodic memory
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35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 31. Juli 2013 - 3. Aug. 2013, Berlin
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ISO 690HOFFMANN, Janina A., Bettina VON HELVERSEN, Jörg RIESKAMP, 2013. How Episodic and Working Memory Affect Rule- and Memory-Based Judgments. 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Berlin, 31. Juli 2013 - 3. Aug. 2013. In: KNAUFF, Markus, ed. and others. Cooperative minds : social interaction and group dynamics ; proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, Texas: Cognitive Science Society, 2013, pp. 585-590. ISBN 978-0-9768318-9-1
BibTex
@inproceedings{Hoffmann2013Episo-33105,
  year={2013},
  title={How Episodic and Working Memory Affect Rule- and Memory-Based Judgments},
  url={https://mindmodeling.org/cogsci2013/papers/0128/paper0128.pdf},
  isbn={978-0-9768318-9-1},
  publisher={Cognitive Science Society},
  address={Austin, Texas},
  booktitle={Cooperative minds : social interaction and group dynamics ; proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society},
  pages={585--590},
  editor={Knauff, Markus},
  author={Hoffmann, Janina A. and von Helversen, Bettina and Rieskamp, Jörg}
}
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