A dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid improves consumer performance during challenge with an opportunistic bacterial pathogen

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2014
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FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 2014, 90(2), pp. 467-477. ISSN 0168-6496. eISSN 1574-6941. Available under: doi: 10.1111/1574-6941.12407
Zusammenfassung

A dietary deficiency in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and/or sterols can severely constrain growth and reproduction of invertebrate consumers. Single nutrients are potentially assigned to different physiological processes, for example to support defence mechanisms; therefore, lipid requirements of healthy and pathogen-challenged consumers might differ. In an oral exposure experiment, we explored the effects of dietary PUFAs and cholesterol on growth, reproduction and survival of an aquatic key herbivore (Daphnia magna) exposed to an opportunistic pathogen (Pseudomonas sp.). We show that healthy and pathogen-challenged D. magna are strongly albeit differentially affected by the biochemical composition of their food sources. Supplementation of a C20 PUFA-deficient diet with arachidonic acid (ARA) resulted in increased survival and reproduction of pathogen-challenged D. magna. We propose that the observed benefit of consuming an ARA-rich diet during pathogen challenge is conveyed partially via ARA-derived eicosanoids. This study is one of the first to consider the importance of dietary PUFAs in modifying fitness parameters of pathogen-challenged invertebrate hosts. Our results suggest that dietary PUFA supply should receive increased attention in host–microorganisms interactions and invertebrate disease models to better understand and predict disease dynamics in natural populations

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Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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food quality; gut pathogen; host resistance; intestinal microbiology.
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ISO 690SCHLOTZ, Nina, Michael PESTER, Heike M. FREESE, Dominik MARTIN-CREUZBURG, 2014. A dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid improves consumer performance during challenge with an opportunistic bacterial pathogen. In: FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 2014, 90(2), pp. 467-477. ISSN 0168-6496. eISSN 1574-6941. Available under: doi: 10.1111/1574-6941.12407
BibTex
@article{Schlotz2014dieta-29418,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1111/1574-6941.12407},
  title={A dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid improves consumer performance during challenge with an opportunistic bacterial pathogen},
  number={2},
  volume={90},
  issn={0168-6496},
  journal={FEMS Microbiology Ecology},
  pages={467--477},
  author={Schlotz, Nina and Pester, Michael and Freese, Heike M. and Martin-Creuzburg, Dominik}
}
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