The development of sex differences in ring-tailed lemur feeding ecology

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2014
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Hickey, Cathriona M.
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Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 2014, 68(8), pp. 1273-1286. ISSN 0340-5443. eISSN 1432-0762. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00265-014-1738-3
Zusammenfassung

Sex differences in feeding ecology may develop in response to fluctuations in physiological costs to females over their reproductive cycles, or to sexual size dimorphism, or function to minimize feeding competition within a group via resource partitioning. For most mammal species, it is unknown how these factors contribute to sex differences in feeding, or how the development of males and females reflects these intraspecific feeding differences. We show changes in dietary composition, diversity, overlap, and foraging behavior throughout development in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) and test how the development of sex differences in feeding is related to female costs of reproduction and year-round resource partitioning. Sex differences in dietary composition were only present when females were lactating, but sex differences in other aspects of feeding, including dietary diversity, and relative time spent feeding and foraging, developed at or near the time of weaning. Sex difference in juveniles and subadults, when present, were similar to the differences found in adults. The low year-round dietary overlap and early differences in dietary diversity indicate that some resource partitioning may begin with young individuals and fluctuate throughout development. The major differences between males and females in dietary composition suggest that these larger changes in diet are closely tied to female reproductive state when females must shift their diet to meet energetic and nutritional requirements.

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Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Behavioral development, Diet, Juvenile, Female dominance, Reproduction, Resource partitioning, Lemur catta
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ISO 690O'MARA, Michael Teague, Cathriona M. HICKEY, 2014. The development of sex differences in ring-tailed lemur feeding ecology. In: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 2014, 68(8), pp. 1273-1286. ISSN 0340-5443. eISSN 1432-0762. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00265-014-1738-3
BibTex
@article{OMara2014devel-29363,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1007/s00265-014-1738-3},
  title={The development of sex differences in ring-tailed lemur feeding ecology},
  number={8},
  volume={68},
  issn={0340-5443},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  pages={1273--1286},
  author={O'Mara, Michael Teague and Hickey, Cathriona M.}
}
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