Telomere shortening in leukocyte subpopulations in depression

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2014
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Karabatsiakis, Alexander
Kolassa, Stephan
Rudolph, K. Lenhard
Dietrich, Detlef E.
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BMC Psychiatry. 2014, 14, 192. eISSN 1471-244X. Available under: doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-14-192
Zusammenfassung

Background

Telomere shortening is a normal age-related process. However, premature shortening of telomeres in leukocytes – as has been reported in depression – may increase the risk for age-related diseases. While previous studies investigated telomere length in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as a whole, this study investigated specific changes in the clonal composition of white blood cells of the adaptive immune system (CD4+ helper and CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes, and CD20+ B lymphocytes).

Methods

Forty-four females with a history of unipolar depression were investigated and compared to fifty age-matched female controls. Telomere lengths were compared between three groups: 1) individuals with a history of depression but currently no clinically relevant depressive symptoms, 2) individuals with a history of depression with relevant symptoms of depression, and 3) healthy age-matched controls. Telomere length was assessed using quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (qFISH).

Results

Both groups with a history of unipolar depression (with and without current depressive symptoms) showed significantly shorter telomeres in all three lymphocyte subpopulations. The effect was stronger in CD8+ and CD20+ cells than in CD4+ cells. Individuals with a history of depression and with (without) current symptoms exhibited a CD8+ telomere length shortening corresponding to an age differential of 27.9 (25.3) years.

Conclusions

A history of depression is associated with shortened telomeres in the main effector populations of the adaptive immune system. Shorter telomeres seem to persist in individuals with lifetime depression independently of the severity of depressive symptoms. CD8+ cytotoxic T cells and CD20+ B cells seem to be particularly affected in depression. The total number of depressive episodes did not influence telomere length in the investigated adaptive immune cell populations.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Schlagwörter
Telomere, Depression
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ISO 690KARABATSIAKIS, Alexander, Iris-Tatjana KOLASSA, Stephan KOLASSA, K. Lenhard RUDOLPH, Detlef E. DIETRICH, 2014. Telomere shortening in leukocyte subpopulations in depression. In: BMC Psychiatry. 2014, 14, 192. eISSN 1471-244X. Available under: doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-14-192
BibTex
@article{Karabatsiakis2014Telom-29593,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1186/1471-244X-14-192},
  title={Telomere shortening in leukocyte subpopulations in depression},
  url={http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/14/192},
  volume={14},
  journal={BMC Psychiatry},
  author={Karabatsiakis, Alexander and Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana and Kolassa, Stephan and Rudolph, K. Lenhard and Dietrich, Detlef E.},
  note={Article Number: 192}
}
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