Robust evidence for bats as reservoir hosts is lacking in most African virus studies : a review and call to optimize sampling and conserve bats

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2023
Autor:innen
Weber, Natalie
Nagy, Martina
Markotter, Wanda
Schaer, Juliane
Puechmaille, Sébastien J.
Sutton, Jack
Dávalos, Liliana M.
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Biology Letters. Royal Society of London. 2023, 19(11), 20230358. ISSN 1744-9561. eISSN 1744-957X. Available under: doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2023.0358
Zusammenfassung

Africa experiences frequent emerging disease outbreaks among humans, with bats often proposed as zoonotic pathogen hosts. We comprehensively reviewed virus–bat findings from papers published between 1978 and 2020 to evaluate the evidence that African bats are reservoir and/or bridging hosts for viruses that cause human disease. We present data from 162 papers (of 1322) with original findings on (1) numbers and species of bats sampled across bat families and the continent, (2) how bats were selected for study inclusion, (3) if bats were terminally sampled, (4) what types of ecological data, if any, were recorded and (5) which viruses were detected and with what methodology. We propose a scheme for evaluating presumed virus–host relationships by evidence type and quality, using the contrasting available evidence for Orthoebolavirus versus Orthomarburgvirus as an example. We review the wording in abstracts and discussions of all 162 papers, identifying key framing terms, how these refer to findings, and how they might contribute to people's beliefs about bats. We discuss the impact of scientific research communication on public perception and emphasize the need for strategies that minimize human–bat conflict and support bat conservation. Finally, we make recommendations for best practices that will improve virological study metadata.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Schlagwörter
African Chiroptera, virus–host relationship, virological metadata, framing, One Health
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ISO 690WEBER, Natalie, Martina NAGY, Wanda MARKOTTER, Juliane SCHAER, Sébastien J. PUECHMAILLE, Jack SUTTON, Liliana M. DÁVALOS, Michael Teague O'MARA, Martin WIKELSKI, Dina K. N. DECHMANN, 2023. Robust evidence for bats as reservoir hosts is lacking in most African virus studies : a review and call to optimize sampling and conserve bats. In: Biology Letters. Royal Society of London. 2023, 19(11), 20230358. ISSN 1744-9561. eISSN 1744-957X. Available under: doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2023.0358
BibTex
@article{Weber2023Robus-68275,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.1098/rsbl.2023.0358},
  title={Robust evidence for bats as reservoir hosts is lacking in most African virus studies : a review and call to optimize sampling and conserve bats},
  number={11},
  volume={19},
  issn={1744-9561},
  journal={Biology Letters},
  author={Weber, Natalie and Nagy, Martina and Markotter, Wanda and Schaer, Juliane and Puechmaille, Sébastien J. and Sutton, Jack and Dávalos, Liliana M. and O'Mara, Michael Teague and Wikelski, Martin and Dechmann, Dina K. N.},
  note={Article Number: 20230358}
}
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