Landscape Utilisation, Animal Behaviour and Hendra Virus Risk

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2016
Autor:innen
Field, Hume E.
Smith, Craig S.
de Jong, Carol E.
Melville, Deb
Broos, Alice
Kung, Nina
Thompson, John
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EcoHealth. 2016, 13(1), pp. 26-38. ISSN 1612-9202. eISSN 1612-9210. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10393-015-1066-8
Zusammenfassung

Hendra virus causes sporadic fatal disease in horses and humans in eastern Australia. Pteropid bats (flying-foxes) are the natural host of the virus. The mode of flying-fox to horse transmission remains unclear, but oro-nasal contact with flying-fox urine, faeces or saliva is the most plausible. We used GPS data logger technology to explore the landscape utilisation of black flying-foxes and horses to gain new insight into equine exposure risk. Flying-fox foraging was repetitious, with individuals returning night after night to the same location. There was a preference for fragmented arboreal landscape and non-native plant species, resulting in increased flying-fox activity around rural infrastructure. Our preliminary equine data logger study identified significant variation between diurnal and nocturnal grazing behaviour that, combined with the observed flying-fox foraging behaviour, could contribute to Hendra virus exposure risk. While we found no significant risk-exposing difference in individual horse movement behaviour in this study, the prospect warrants further investigation, as does the broader role of animal behaviour and landscape utilisation on the transmission dynamics of Hendra virus.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Schlagwörter
Hendra virus, Emerging disease, Flying-fox, Bat, Horse, Landscape, Behaviour, Risk
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ISO 690FIELD, Hume E., Craig S. SMITH, Carol E. DE JONG, Deb MELVILLE, Alice BROOS, Nina KUNG, John THOMPSON, Dina K. N. DECHMANN, 2016. Landscape Utilisation, Animal Behaviour and Hendra Virus Risk. In: EcoHealth. 2016, 13(1), pp. 26-38. ISSN 1612-9202. eISSN 1612-9210. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10393-015-1066-8
BibTex
@article{Field2016Lands-37772,
  year={2016},
  doi={10.1007/s10393-015-1066-8},
  title={Landscape Utilisation, Animal Behaviour and Hendra Virus Risk},
  number={1},
  volume={13},
  issn={1612-9202},
  journal={EcoHealth},
  pages={26--38},
  author={Field, Hume E. and Smith, Craig S. and de Jong, Carol E. and Melville, Deb and Broos, Alice and Kung, Nina and Thompson, John and Dechmann, Dina K. N.}
}
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