Regulating prostitution and same-sex marriage in Italy and Spain: the interplay of political and societal veto players in two catholic societies

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2013
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Journal of European Public Policy ; 20 (2013), 3. - pp. 425-441. - ISSN 1350-1763. - eISSN 1466-4429
Abstract
This contribution adds to the scholarship on morality politics. It addresses the conditions of morality policy change by comparing the decision-making dynamics in the regulation of prostitution and same-sex partnerships in Italy and Spain over two decades. We seek to explain why and under what circumstances some political actors are successful in reforming morality policies. For this purpose, we develop a four-fold typology of morality policy change. Our findings highlight that the different regulatory dynamics in both Catholic nation-states depend on the balance of power among the change and blocking coalitions and their degree of congruence. We show that governments succeed in realizing their morality policy goals only if they are able to form a coalition with the relevant political and societal actors. Furthermore, the Catholic Church, not least owing to its historical ties with both nation-states (Italy and Spain), plays a particular but context-specific role.
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320 Politics
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Change coalition,congruence,morality policy change,prostitution,same-sex marriage,veto players
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ISO 690SCHMITT, Sophie, Eva-Maria EUCHNER, Caroline PREIDEL, 2013. Regulating prostitution and same-sex marriage in Italy and Spain: the interplay of political and societal veto players in two catholic societies. In: Journal of European Public Policy. 20(3), pp. 425-441. ISSN 1350-1763. eISSN 1466-4429. Available under: doi: 10.1080/13501763.2013.761512
BibTex
@article{Schmitt2013Regul-25076,
  year={2013},
  doi={10.1080/13501763.2013.761512},
  title={Regulating prostitution and same-sex marriage in Italy and Spain: the interplay of political and societal veto players in two catholic societies},
  number={3},
  volume={20},
  issn={1350-1763},
  journal={Journal of European Public Policy},
  pages={425--441},
  author={Schmitt, Sophie and Euchner, Eva-Maria and Preidel, Caroline}
}
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