The complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of a Living Fossil , the Coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae)

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1997
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Zardoya, Rafael
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Genetics. 1997, 146, pp. 995-1010
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The complete nucleotide sequence of the 16,407-bp mitochondrial genome of the coelacanth (Latirneria chalumnae) was determined. Thec oelacanth mitochondrial genome orderi s identical to the consensus vertebrate gene order which is also found in all ray-finned fishes, the lungfish, and most tetrapods. Base composition and codon usage also conform to typical vertebrate patterns. The entire mitochondrial genome was PCR-amplified with 24 sets of primers that are expected to amplify homologous regions in other related vertebrate species. Analyses of the control region of the coelacanth mitochondrial genome revealed the existence of four 22-bp tandem repeats close to its 3 end. The phylogenetic analyses of a large data set combining genes coding for rRNAs, tRNA, and proteins (16,140 characters) confirmed the phylogenetic position of the coelacanth as a lobe-finned fish; it is more closely related to tetrapods than to ray-finned fishes. However, different phylogenetic methods applied to this largest available molecular data set were unable to resolve unambiguously the relationship of the coelacanth to the two other groupso f extant lobe-finned fishes, the lungfishes and thet etrapods. Maximum parsimony favored a lungfish/coelacanth or a lungfish/tetrapod sistergroup relationship depending on which transversion: transition weighting is assumed. Neighbor-joining and maximum likelihood supported a lungfish/ tetrapod sistergroup relationship.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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ISO 690ZARDOYA, Rafael, Axel MEYER, 1997. The complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of a Living Fossil , the Coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae). In: Genetics. 1997, 146, pp. 995-1010
BibTex
@article{Zardoya1997compl-7244,
  year={1997},
  title={The complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of a  Living Fossil , the Coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae)},
  volume={146},
  journal={Genetics},
  pages={995--1010},
  author={Zardoya, Rafael and Meyer, Axel}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The complete nucleotide sequence of the 16,407-bp mitochondrial genome of the coelacanth (Latirneria chalumnae) was determined. Thec oelacanth mitochondrial genome orderi s identical to the consensus vertebrate gene order which is also found in all ray-finned fishes, the lungfish, and most tetrapods. Base composition and codon usage also conform to typical vertebrate patterns. The entire mitochondrial genome was PCR-amplified with 24 sets of primers that are expected to amplify homologous regions in other related vertebrate species. Analyses of the control region of the coelacanth mitochondrial genome revealed the existence of four 22-bp tandem repeats close to its 3  end. The phylogenetic analyses of a large data set combining genes coding for rRNAs, tRNA, and proteins (16,140 characters) confirmed the phylogenetic position of the coelacanth as a lobe-finned fish; it is more closely related to tetrapods than to ray-finned fishes. However, different phylogenetic methods applied to this largest available molecular data set were unable to resolve unambiguously the relationship of the coelacanth to the two other groupso f extant lobe-finned fishes, the lungfishes and thet etrapods. Maximum parsimony favored a lungfish/coelacanth or a lungfish/tetrapod sistergroup relationship depending on which transversion: transition weighting is assumed. Neighbor-joining and maximum likelihood supported a lungfish/ tetrapod sistergroup relationship.</dcterms:abstract>
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