The effect of age on the personality and cognitive characteristics of three distinct risky driving offender groups

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2017
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Brown, Thomas G.
Ouimet, Marie Claude
Eldeb, Manal
Tremblay, Jacques
Vingilis, Evelyn
Nadeau, Louise
Bechara, Antoine
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Zusammenfassung

Background

We previously reported that in traffic offenders aged 19–39 years, different risky driving profiles were associated with unique personality, cognitive, and neurobiological characteristics. However, many of these characteristics evolve significantly with age. Secondary analysis on these data explored whether the characteristics associated with different risky driving profiles were influenced by driver age.

Methods

Data (N = 138) on three driving groups (i.e., alcohol impaired [DWI], reckless [SPEED], and impaired and reckless [MIXED]), and a low-risk control group [CTL] were stratified by age (younger: 19–28; older: 29–39). Younger and older drivers of each risky driving group were compared to their age-matched CTLs on driving simulation, personality, and cognitive control.

Results

In DWI, elevated behavioural disinhibition was observed only in older drivers. In MIXED, elevated reward sensitivity and risky driving behaviour were seen only in older drivers. In SPEED, greater risky driving and lower agreeableness personality were only seen in young drivers, while elevated sensation seeking and risk taking were observed only in older drivers.

Discussion

Unique processes predominate in distinct forms of risky driving behaviour at different developmental stages. More effective prevention strategies may require intervention tailoring based on both risky driving preference and age.

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ISO 690BROWN, Thomas G., Marie Claude OUIMET, Manal ELDEB, Jacques TREMBLAY, Evelyn VINGILIS, Louise NADEAU, Jens C. PRUESSNER, Antoine BECHARA, 2017. The effect of age on the personality and cognitive characteristics of three distinct risky driving offender groups. In: Personality and Individual Differences. 2017, 113, pp. 48-56. ISSN 0191-8869. eISSN 1873-3549. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.03.007
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@article{Brown2017-07effec-38197,
  year={2017},
  doi={10.1016/j.paid.2017.03.007},
  title={The effect of age on the personality and cognitive characteristics of three distinct risky driving offender groups},
  volume={113},
  issn={0191-8869},
  journal={Personality and Individual Differences},
  pages={48--56},
  author={Brown, Thomas G. and Ouimet, Marie Claude and Eldeb, Manal and Tremblay, Jacques and Vingilis, Evelyn and Nadeau, Louise and Pruessner, Jens C. and Bechara, Antoine}
}
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