Thermal conductance and noise of Majorana modes along interfaced ν=5/2 fractional quantum Hall states

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2022
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Spånslätt, Christian
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Zusammenfassung
We study transport along interfaced edge segments of fractional quantum Hall states hosting non-Abelian Majorana modes. With an incoherent model approach, we compute, for edge segments based on Pfaffian, anti-Pfaffian, and particle-hole-Pfaffian topological orders, thermal conductances, voltage biased noise, and delta-T noise. We determine how the thermal equilibration of edge modes impacts these observables and identify the temperature scalings of transitions between regimes of differently quantized thermal conductances. In combination with recent experimental data, we use our results to estimate thermal and charge equilibration lengths in real devices. We also propose an experimental setup which permits measuring several transport observables for interfaced fractional quantum Hall edges in a single device. It can, e.g., be used to rule out edge reconstruction effects. In this context, we further point out some subtleties in two-terminal thermal conductance measurements and how to remedy them. Our findings are consistent with recent experimental results pointing towards a particle-hole-Pfaffian topological order at filling ν=5/2 in GaAs/AlGaAs, and provide further means to pin-point the edge structure at this filling and possibly also other exotic fractional quantum Hall states.
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530 Physik
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Condensed Matter Physics, Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Strongly Correlated Electrons, Fractional Quantum Hall
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ISO 690HEIN, Michael, Christian SPÅNSLÄTT, 2022. Thermal conductance and noise of Majorana modes along interfaced ν=5/2 fractional quantum Hall states
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@unpublished{Hein2022-11-15T09:26:52ZTherm-59209,
  year={2022},
  title={Thermal conductance and noise of Majorana modes along interfaced ν=5/2 fractional quantum Hall states},
  author={Hein, Michael and Spånslätt, Christian}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">We study transport along interfaced edge segments of fractional quantum Hall states hosting non-Abelian Majorana modes. With an incoherent model approach, we compute, for edge segments based on Pfaffian, anti-Pfaffian, and particle-hole-Pfaffian topological orders, thermal conductances, voltage biased noise, and delta-T noise. We determine how the thermal equilibration of edge modes impacts these observables and identify the temperature scalings of transitions between regimes of differently quantized thermal conductances. In combination with recent experimental data, we use our results to estimate thermal and charge equilibration lengths in real devices. We also propose an experimental setup which permits measuring several transport observables for interfaced fractional quantum Hall edges in a single device. It can, e.g., be used to rule out edge reconstruction effects. In this context, we further point out some subtleties in two-terminal thermal conductance measurements and how to remedy them. Our findings are consistent with recent experimental results pointing towards a particle-hole-Pfaffian topological order at filling ν=5/2 in GaAs/AlGaAs, and provide further means to pin-point the edge structure at this filling and possibly also other exotic fractional quantum Hall states.</dcterms:abstract>
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