Language in autism : domains, profiles and co-occurring conditions

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2023
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Schaeffer, Jeannette
Abd El-Raziq, Muna
Castroviejo, Elena
Durrleman, Stephanie
Ferré, Sandrine
Grama, Ileana
Hendriks, Petra
Kissine, Mikhail
Manenti, Marta
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Journal of Neural Transmission. Springer. 2023, 130, pp. 433-457. ISSN 0300-9564. eISSN 1435-1463. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00702-023-02592-y
Zusammenfassung

This article reviews the current knowledge state on pragmatic and structural language abilities in autism and their potential relation to extralinguistic abilities and autistic traits. The focus is on questions regarding autism language profiles with varying degrees of (selective) impairment and with respect to potential comorbidity of autism and language impairment: Is language impairment in autism the co-occurrence of two distinct conditions (comorbidity), a consequence of autism itself (no comorbidity), or one possible combination from a series of neurodevelopmental properties (dimensional approach)? As for language profiles in autism, three main groups are identified, namely, (i) verbal autistic individuals without structural language impairment, (ii) verbal autistic individuals with structural language impairment, and (iii) minimally verbal autistic individuals. However, this tripartite distinction hides enormous linguistic heterogeneity. Regarding the nature of language impairment in autism, there is currently no model of how language difficulties may interact with autism characteristics and with various extralinguistic cognitive abilities. Building such a model requires carefully designed explorations that address specific aspects of language and extralinguistic cognition. This should lead to a fundamental increase in our understanding of language impairment in autism, thereby paving the way for a substantial contribution to the question of how to best characterize neurodevelopmental disorders.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
400 Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
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Autism, Language, Language impairment, Comorbidity, Dimensional approach, Neurodevelopmental disorders
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ISO 690SCHAEFFER, Jeannette, Muna ABD EL-RAZIQ, Elena CASTROVIEJO, Stephanie DURRLEMAN, Sandrine FERRÉ, Ileana GRAMA, Petra HENDRIKS, Mikhail KISSINE, Marta MANENTI, Theodoros MARINIS, 2023. Language in autism : domains, profiles and co-occurring conditions. In: Journal of Neural Transmission. Springer. 2023, 130, pp. 433-457. ISSN 0300-9564. eISSN 1435-1463. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00702-023-02592-y
BibTex
@article{Schaeffer2023-03-16Langu-66464,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.1007/s00702-023-02592-y},
  title={Language in autism : domains, profiles and co-occurring conditions},
  volume={130},
  issn={0300-9564},
  journal={Journal of Neural Transmission},
  pages={433--457},
  author={Schaeffer, Jeannette and Abd El-Raziq, Muna and Castroviejo, Elena and Durrleman, Stephanie and Ferré, Sandrine and Grama, Ileana and Hendriks, Petra and Kissine, Mikhail and Manenti, Marta and Marinis, Theodoros}
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