Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium

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2017
Autor:innen
Weynberg, Karen D.
Neave, Matthew
Clode, Peta L.
Brownlee, Christopher
Laffy, Patrick
Webster, Nicole S.
Levin, Rachel A.
Wood-Charlson, Elisha M.
van Oppen, Madeleine J. H.
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Zusammenfassung

Reef corals are under threat from bleaching and disease outbreaks that target both the host animal and the algal symbionts within the coral holobiont. A viral origin for coral bleaching has been hypothesized, but direct evidence has remained elusive. Using a multifaceted approach incorporating flow cytometry, transmission electron microscopy, DNA and RNA virome sequencing, we show that type C1 Symbiodinium cultures host a nucleocytoplasmic large double-stranded DNA virus (NCLDV) related to Phycodnaviridae and Mimiviridae, a novel filamentous virus of unknown phylogenetic affiliation, and a single-stranded RNA virus related to retroviruses. We discuss implications of these findings for laboratory-based experiments using Symbiodinium cultures.

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Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Viruses, Symbiodinium, Symbiosis, Dinoflagellate cultures, Coral bleaching, Scleractinia
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ISO 690WEYNBERG, Karen D., Matthew NEAVE, Peta L. CLODE, Christian R. VOOLSTRA, Christopher BROWNLEE, Patrick LAFFY, Nicole S. WEBSTER, Rachel A. LEVIN, Elisha M. WOOD-CHARLSON, Madeleine J. H. VAN OPPEN, 2017. Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium. In: Coral Reefs. Springer. 2017, 36(3), pp. 773-784. ISSN 0722-4028. eISSN 1432-0975. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00338-017-1568-7
BibTex
@article{Weynberg2017-09Preva-50833,
  year={2017},
  doi={10.1007/s00338-017-1568-7},
  title={Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium},
  number={3},
  volume={36},
  issn={0722-4028},
  journal={Coral Reefs},
  pages={773--784},
  author={Weynberg, Karen D. and Neave, Matthew and Clode, Peta L. and Voolstra, Christian R. and Brownlee, Christopher and Laffy, Patrick and Webster, Nicole S. and Levin, Rachel A. and Wood-Charlson, Elisha M. and van Oppen, Madeleine J. H.}
}
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