Could Brain-Computer Interface Be a New Therapeutic Approach for Body Integrity Dysphoria?

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2021
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Chakraborty, Stuti
Saetta, Gianluca
Simon, Colin
Ruddy, Kathy
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Frontiers in human neuroscience. Frontiers Research Foundation. 2021, 15, 699830. eISSN 1662-5161. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2021.699830
Zusammenfassung

Patients suffering from body integrity dysphoria (BID) desire to become disabled, arising from a mismatch between the desired body and the physical body. We focus here on the most common variant, characterized by the desire for amputation of a healthy limb. In most reported cases, amputation of the rejected limb entirely alleviates the distress of the condition and engenders substantial improvement in quality of life. Since BID can lead to life-long suffering, it is essential to identify an effective form of treatment that causes the least amount of alteration to the person's anatomical structure and functionality. Treatment methods involving medications, psychotherapy, and vestibular stimulation have proven largely ineffective. In this hypothesis article, we briefly discuss the characteristics, etiology, and current treatment options available for BID before highlighting the need for new, theory driven approaches. Drawing on recent findings relating to functional and structural brain correlates of BID, we introduce the idea of brain-computer interface (BCI)/neurofeedback approaches to target altered patterns of brain activity, promote re-ownership of the limb, and/or attenuate stress and negativity associated with the altered body representation.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
apotemnophilia, body integrity dysphoria, body integrity identity disorder, body representation, brain– computer interface, neurofeedback, somatoparaphrenia, xenomelia
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ISO 690CHAKRABORTY, Stuti, Gianluca SAETTA, Colin SIMON, Bigna LENGGENHAGER, Kathy RUDDY, 2021. Could Brain-Computer Interface Be a New Therapeutic Approach for Body Integrity Dysphoria?. In: Frontiers in human neuroscience. Frontiers Research Foundation. 2021, 15, 699830. eISSN 1662-5161. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2021.699830
BibTex
@article{Chakraborty2021Could-57130,
  year={2021},
  doi={10.3389/fnhum.2021.699830},
  title={Could Brain-Computer Interface Be a New Therapeutic Approach for Body Integrity Dysphoria?},
  volume={15},
  journal={Frontiers in human neuroscience},
  author={Chakraborty, Stuti and Saetta, Gianluca and Simon, Colin and Lenggenhager, Bigna and Ruddy, Kathy},
  note={Article Number: 699830}
}
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