Vaccination-related attitudes and behavior across birth cohorts : Evidence from Germany

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We use German KiGGS data to add to existing knowledge about trends in vaccination-related attitudes and behavior. Looking at vaccinations against measles, we assess whether a low confidence in vaccination and vaccination complacency is particularly prevalent among parents whose children were born somewhat recently, as compared to parents whose children belong to earlier birth cohorts. We further analyze how these attitudes relate to vaccination rates in the corresponding birth cohorts, and which sociodemographic subgroups are more likely to have vaccination-hesitant attitudes and to act upon them. Results show that the share of parents who report "deliberate" reasons against vaccination has decreased across birth cohorts; at the same time, the children of these parents have become less likely to be vaccinated. This suggests that vaccination-hesitant parents became more willing to act upon their beliefs towards the turn of the millennium. Regarding efforts to convince parents and the public about the benefits of vaccination, the number of parents who think that vaccinations have serious side effects, or that it is better for a child to live through a disease, may have become smaller-but these parents are more determined to follow their convictions. Interestingly, the trend we describe started before the Internet became a widespread source of health-related information.

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ISO 690DIEHL, Claudia, Christian HUNKLER, 2022. Vaccination-related attitudes and behavior across birth cohorts : Evidence from Germany. In: PloS ONE. Public Library of Science (PLoS). 2022, 17(2), e0263871. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0263871
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@article{Diehl2022Vacci-56574,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0263871},
  title={Vaccination-related attitudes and behavior across birth cohorts : Evidence from Germany},
  number={2},
  volume={17},
  journal={PloS ONE},
  author={Diehl, Claudia and Hunkler, Christian},
  note={Article Number: e0263871}
}
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