Things in Possible Experiments : Case-Intensional Logic as a Framework for Tracing Things from Case to Case

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GALAVOTTI, Maria Carla, ed., Dennis DIEKS, ed., Wenceslao J. GONZALEZ, ed., Stephan HARTMANN, ed., Thomas UEBEL, ed., Marcel WEBER, ed.. New Directions in the Philosophy of Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 3-14. ISBN 978-3-319-04381-4. Available under: doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-04382-1_1
Zusammenfassung

Modal notions play an important role in science. Many scientifically useful predicates are dispositional in nature, and the scientific practice of experiment presupposes the possibility of active intervention in the course of nature. It is therefore interesting to ask which kinds of modality are involved, and how we can best understand them. In this paper we focus on the representation of things in modal contexts occurring in science, and ask which formal methods of philosophical logic are adequate for reidentifying, or tracing, things from case to case. We illustrate the importance of tracing via a discussion of possible experiments in science and in everyday life. After pointing out shortcomings of standard systems of quantified modal logic, we introduce CIFOL, case-intensional first order logic, as a newly established formal framework that helps to elucidate the notion of tracing. We illustrate the framework by discussing the identity of biological individuals with lumps of matter.

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ISO 690MÜLLER, Thomas, 2014. Things in Possible Experiments : Case-Intensional Logic as a Framework for Tracing Things from Case to Case. In: GALAVOTTI, Maria Carla, ed., Dennis DIEKS, ed., Wenceslao J. GONZALEZ, ed., Stephan HARTMANN, ed., Thomas UEBEL, ed., Marcel WEBER, ed.. New Directions in the Philosophy of Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 3-14. ISBN 978-3-319-04381-4. Available under: doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-04382-1_1
BibTex
@inproceedings{Muller2014Thing-28833,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1007/978-3-319-04382-1_1},
  title={Things in Possible Experiments : Case-Intensional Logic as a Framework for Tracing Things from Case to Case},
  isbn={978-3-319-04381-4},
  publisher={Springer International Publishing},
  address={Cham},
  booktitle={New Directions in the Philosophy of Science},
  pages={3--14},
  editor={Galavotti, Maria Carla and Dieks, Dennis and Gonzalez, Wenceslao J. and Hartmann, Stephan and Uebel, Thomas and Weber, Marcel},
  author={Müller, Thomas}
}
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