Biodegradable Mineral Plastics

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Small Methods. Wiley. 2024, 8(4), 2300575. ISSN 2366-9608. eISSN 2366-9608. Available under: doi: 10.1002/smtd.202300575
Zusammenfassung

Mineral plastics are a promising class of bio-inspired materials that offer exceptional properties, like self-heal ability, stretchability in the hydrogel state, and high hardness, toughness, transparency, and non-flammability in the dry state along with reversible transformation into the hydrogel by addition of water. This enables easy reshape-ability and recycling like the solubility in mild acids to subsequently form mineral plastics again by base addition. However, current mineral plastics rely on petrochemistry, are hardly biodegradable, and thus persistent in nature. This work presents the next generation of mineral plastics, which are bio-based and biodegradable, making them a promising, new class of polymers for the development of environmentally friendly materials. Physically cross-linked (poly)glutamic-acid (PGlu)-based mineral plastics are synthesized using various alcohol-water mixtures, metal ion ratios and molecular weights. The rheological properties are easily adjusted using these parameters. The general procedure involves addition of equimolar solution of CaCl2 to PGlu in equal volumes followed by addition of iPrOH (iPrOH:H2O = 1:1) under vigorous stirring conditions. The ready biodegradability of PGlu/CaFe mineral plastic is confirmed in this study where the elements N, Ca, and Fe present in it tend to act as additional nutrients, supporting the growth of microorganisms and consequently, promoting the biodegradation process.

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ISO 690AVASTHI, Ilesha, Harry LERNER, Jonas GRINGS, Carla GRÄBER, David SCHLEHECK, Helmut CÖLFEN, 2024. Biodegradable Mineral Plastics. In: Small Methods. Wiley. 2024, 8(4), 2300575. ISSN 2366-9608. eISSN 2366-9608. Available under: doi: 10.1002/smtd.202300575
BibTex
@article{Avasthi2024-04Biode-67548,
  year={2024},
  doi={10.1002/smtd.202300575},
  title={Biodegradable Mineral Plastics},
  number={4},
  volume={8},
  issn={2366-9608},
  journal={Small Methods},
  author={Avasthi, Ilesha and Lerner, Harry and Grings, Jonas and Gräber, Carla and Schleheck, David and Cölfen, Helmut},
  note={Article Number: 2300575}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract>Mineral plastics are a promising class of bio-inspired materials that offer exceptional properties, like self-heal ability, stretchability in the hydrogel state, and high hardness, toughness, transparency, and non-flammability in the dry state along with reversible transformation into the hydrogel by addition of water. This enables easy reshape-ability and recycling like the solubility in mild acids to subsequently form mineral plastics again by base addition. However, current mineral plastics rely on petrochemistry, are hardly biodegradable, and thus persistent in nature. This work presents the next generation of mineral plastics, which are bio-based and biodegradable, making them a promising, new class of polymers for the development of environmentally friendly materials. Physically cross-linked (poly)glutamic-acid (PGlu)-based mineral plastics are synthesized using various alcohol-water mixtures, metal ion ratios and molecular weights. The rheological properties are easily adjusted using these parameters. The general procedure involves addition of equimolar solution of CaCl&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt; to PGlu in equal volumes followed by addition of iPrOH (iPrOH:H&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt;O = 1:1) under vigorous stirring conditions. The ready biodegradability of PGlu/CaFe mineral plastic is confirmed in this study where the elements N, Ca, and Fe present in it tend to act as additional nutrients, supporting the growth of microorganisms and consequently, promoting the biodegradation process.</dcterms:abstract>
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