Vibrational Phenomena in Glasses at Low Temperatures Captured by Field Theory of Disordered Harmonic Oscillators

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Physical Review Letters. American Physical Society (APS). 2023, 130(23), 236101. ISSN 0031-9007. eISSN 1079-7114. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.236101
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We investigate the vibrational properties of topologically disordered materials by analytically studying particles that harmonically oscillate around random positions. Exploiting classical field theory in the thermodynamic limit at T=0, we build up a self-consistent model by analyzing the Hessian utilizing Euclidean random matrix theory. In accordance with earlier findings [T. S. Grigera et al.J. Stat. Mech. (2011) P02015.], we take nonplanar diagrams into account to correctly address multiple local scattering events. By doing so, we end up with a first principles theory that can predict the main anomalies of athermal disordered materials, including the boson peak, sound softening, and Rayleigh damping of sound. In the vibrational density of states, the sound modes lead to Debye’s law for small frequencies. Additionally, an excess appears in the density of states starting as ω4 in the low frequency limit, which is attributed to (quasi-) localized modes.

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ISO 690VOGEL, Florian, Matthias FUCHS, 2023. Vibrational Phenomena in Glasses at Low Temperatures Captured by Field Theory of Disordered Harmonic Oscillators. In: Physical Review Letters. American Physical Society (APS). 2023, 130(23), 236101. ISSN 0031-9007. eISSN 1079-7114. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.236101
BibTex
@article{Vogel2023-06-07Vibra-67091,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.236101},
  title={Vibrational Phenomena in Glasses at Low Temperatures Captured by Field Theory of Disordered Harmonic Oscillators},
  number={23},
  volume={130},
  issn={0031-9007},
  journal={Physical Review Letters},
  author={Vogel, Florian and Fuchs, Matthias},
  note={Article Number: 236101}
}
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