How Small Heterocycles Make a Reaction Network of Amino Acids and Nucleotides Efficient in Water

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2019
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Tremmel, Peter
Griesser, Helmut
Richert, Clemens
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Organisms use enzymes to ensure a flow of substrates through biosynthetic pathways. How the earliest form of life established biosynthetic networks and prevented hydrolysis of intermediates without enzymes is unclear. Organocatalysts may have played the role of enzymes. Quantitative analysis of reactions of adenosine 5’‐monophosphate and glycine that produce peptides, pyrophosphates, and RNA chains reveals that organocapture by heterocycles gives hydrolytically stabilized intermediates with balanced reactivity. We determined rate constants for 20 reactions in aqueous solutions containing a carbodiimide and measured product formation with cyanamide as a condensing agent. Organocapture favors reactions that are kinetically slow but productive, and networks, over single transformations. Heterocycles can increase the metabolic efficiency more than two‐fold, with up to 0.6 useful bonds per fuel molecule spent, boosting the efficiency of life‐like reaction systems in the absence of enzymes.

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ISO 690TREMMEL, Peter, Helmut GRIESSER, Ulrich STEINER, Clemens RICHERT, 2019. How Small Heterocycles Make a Reaction Network of Amino Acids and Nucleotides Efficient in Water. In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 2019, 58(37), pp. 13087-13092. ISSN 0570-0833. eISSN 1521-3773. Available under: doi: 10.1002/anie.201905427
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@article{Tremmel2019-09-09Small-46782,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1002/anie.201905427},
  title={How Small Heterocycles Make a Reaction Network of Amino Acids and Nucleotides Efficient in Water},
  number={37},
  volume={58},
  issn={0570-0833},
  journal={Angewandte Chemie International Edition},
  pages={13087--13092},
  author={Tremmel, Peter and Griesser, Helmut and Steiner, Ulrich and Richert, Clemens}
}
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