Adding discourse to sentence repetition tasks : Under which conditions does bilingual children's performance improve?

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2024
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Torregrossa, Jacopo
Listanti, Andrea
Bongartz, Christiane
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Research Methods in Applied Linguistics. Elsevier. 2024, 3(2), 100107. eISSN 2772-7661. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.rmal.2024.100107
Zusammenfassung

Sentence repetition tasks (SRTs) have been extensively used as measures of bilinguals’ language abilities. Most studies relied on SRTs in which the target sentences were not connected to each other. However, participants’ performance may differ if these sentences are embedded in discourse, since discourse provides participants with additional cues for sentence comprehension and interpretation. For the present study, we designed a discourse-based SRT, whereby the target sentences were connected to each other in a story. We examined the effect of discourse on bilinguals’ performance in the SRT and investigated whether this effect varied based on the language of administration, bilinguals’ dominance score and type of target structure. We tested 32 Italian-German bilingual children (7–12 years) living in Germany with two SRTs in each language, one with discourse and one without discourse. Participants showed a better performance in the SRTs with discourse, especially in the heritage language (Italian). The effect of discourse was visible across the board with all target structures. On the whole, SRTs with discourse seem to reduce the processing costs associated with lexical retrieval and shifts in scenarios, thus tapping more directly into children's processing abilities, compared to more traditional SRTs. The results are discussed in terms of ecological validity of different assessment instruments.

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ISO 690TORREGROSSA, Jacopo, Andrea LISTANTI, Christiane BONGARTZ, Theodoros MARINIS, 2024. Adding discourse to sentence repetition tasks : Under which conditions does bilingual children's performance improve?. In: Research Methods in Applied Linguistics. Elsevier. 2024, 3(2), 100107. eISSN 2772-7661. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.rmal.2024.100107
BibTex
@article{Torregrossa2024-08Addin-69981,
  year={2024},
  doi={10.1016/j.rmal.2024.100107},
  title={Adding discourse to sentence repetition tasks : Under which conditions does bilingual children's performance improve?},
  number={2},
  volume={3},
  journal={Research Methods in Applied Linguistics},
  author={Torregrossa, Jacopo and Listanti, Andrea and Bongartz, Christiane and Marinis, Theodoros},
  note={Article Number: 100107}
}
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