Terahertz spin dynamics driven by an optical spin-orbit torque

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Physical Review Research. American Physical Society. 2021, 3(2), 023116. eISSN 2643-1564. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.023116
Zusammenfassung

Spin torques are at the heart of spin manipulations in spintronic devices. Here, we examine the existence of an optical spin-orbit torque, a relativistic spin torque originating from the spin-orbit coupling of an oscillating applied field with the spins. We compare the effect of the nonrelativistic Zeeman torque with the relativistic optical spin-orbit torque for ferromagnetic systems excited by a circularly polarised laser pulse. The latter torque depends on the helicity of the light and scales with the intensity, while being inversely proportional to the frequency. Our results show that the optical spin-orbit torque can provide a torque on the spins, which is quantitatively equivalent to the Zeeman torque. Moreover, temperature dependent calculations show that the effect of optical spin-orbit torque decreases with increasing temperature. However, the effect does not vanish in a ferromagnetic system, even above its Curie temperature.

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ISO 690MONDAL, Ritwik, Andreas DONGES, Ulrich NOWAK, 2021. Terahertz spin dynamics driven by an optical spin-orbit torque. In: Physical Review Research. American Physical Society. 2021, 3(2), 023116. eISSN 2643-1564. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.023116
BibTex
@article{Mondal2021Terah-57182,
  year={2021},
  doi={10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.023116},
  title={Terahertz spin dynamics driven by an optical spin-orbit torque},
  number={2},
  volume={3},
  journal={Physical Review Research},
  author={Mondal, Ritwik and Donges, Andreas and Nowak, Ulrich},
  note={Article Number: 023116}
}
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