Influence of bacteria on cell size development and morphology of cultivated diatoms

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2014
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Phycological Research. 2014, 62(4), pp. 269-281. ISSN 1322-0829. eISSN 1440-1835. Available under: doi: 10.1111/pre.12059
Zusammenfassung

Vegetative cell division in diatoms often results in a decreased cell size of one of the daughter cells, which during long-term cultivation may lead to a gradual decrease of the mean cell size of the culture. To restore the initial cell size, sexual reproduction is required, however, in many diatom cultures sexual reproduction does not occur. Such diatom cultures may lose their viability once the average size of the cells falls below a critical size. Cell size reduction therefore seriously restrains the long-term stability of many diatom cultures. In order to study the bacterial influence on the size diminution process, we observed cell morphology and size distribution of the diatoms Achnanthidium minutissimum, Cymbella affiniformis and Nitzschia palea for more than two years in bacteria-free conditions (axenic cultures) and in cultures that contain bacteria (xenic cultures). We found considerable morphological aberrations of frustule microstructures in A. minutissimum and C. affiniformis when cultivated under axenic conditions compared to the xenic cultures. These variations comprise significant cell length reduction, simplification and rounding of the frustule contour and deformation of the siliceous cell walls, features that are normally found in older cultures shortly before they die off. In contrast, the xenic cultures were well preserved and showed less cell length diminution. Our results show that bacteria may have a fundamental influence on the stability of long-term cultures of diatoms.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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axenic, cultivation, diatom, interaction, size reduction, xenic
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ISO 690WINDLER, Miriam, Dariia BOVA, Anastasiia KRYVENDA, Dietmar STRAILE, Ansgar GRUBER, Peter G. KROTH, 2014. Influence of bacteria on cell size development and morphology of cultivated diatoms. In: Phycological Research. 2014, 62(4), pp. 269-281. ISSN 1322-0829. eISSN 1440-1835. Available under: doi: 10.1111/pre.12059
BibTex
@article{Windler2014Influ-29584,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1111/pre.12059},
  title={Influence of bacteria on cell size development and morphology of cultivated diatoms},
  number={4},
  volume={62},
  issn={1322-0829},
  journal={Phycological Research},
  pages={269--281},
  author={Windler, Miriam and Bova, Dariia and Kryvenda, Anastasiia and Straile, Dietmar and Gruber, Ansgar and Kroth, Peter G.}
}
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