The Uredinales : Cytology, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
222_Chapter_4_final.pdf
222_Chapter_4_final.pdfGröße: 3.38 MBDownloads: 1176
Datum
2009
Autor:innen
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
DOI (zitierfähiger Link)
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Angaben zur Forschungsförderung
Projekt
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Open Access Green
Sammlungen
Core Facility der Universität Konstanz
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Publikationstyp
Beitrag zu einem Sammelband
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
DEISING, H. B., ed.. The Mycota, 5 Plant relationships. 2. Berlin: Springer, 2009, pp. 69-98
Zusammenfassung

Fungi belonging to the order Uredinales are commonly referred to as rust fungi. All members of the Uredinales are parasitic on plants, often causing dramatic losses in various important crop plants (Alexopoulos et al. 1996). Together with the powdery mildew fungi and the downy mildew-causing oomycetes, rust fungi form an extremely successful group of parasites, the obligate biotrophs. The term obligate biotrophic characterizes a specific lifestyle in which the pathogen is absolutely dependent on a living host to complete its life cycle. In turn, the host plant as a whole usually suffers only limited damage over an extended period of time (Staples 2000). By contrast, necrotrophic parasites kill their hosts quickly after infection and subsequently thrive on the dead plant material (Staples 2001). Hemibiotrophic fungi, such as Colletotrichum spp., are characterized by a more or less extended biotrophic phase before switching to necrotrophic growth and killing their host (Perfect and Green 2001). In order to separate the true obligate biotrophic pathogens from hemibiotrophs and necrotrophs we suggest the following six criteria:
1. Obligate biotrophs are not culturable in vitro (at least not to a point representing the parasitic phase)
2. They form highly differentiated infection structures (variations of the normally tubular cell shape, which are necessary for pathogenesis)
3. They have limited secretory activity
4. They establish a narrow contact zone separating fungal and plant plasma membranes
5. They engage in a long-term suppression of host defense responses
6. They form haustoria (specialized hyphae that penetrate host cells).

The peculiarities of the lifestyle of obligate biotrophs, paired with their huge economic impact, make rust fungi a versatile field of study at both the fundamental and the applied level. This chapter on Uredinales can by no means cover the complete literature on rust fungi. It is intended to summarize key references, review articles, and books to provide the interested reader with
a gateway to more specialized literature on most aspects of research involving rust fungi. Readers new to the field are encouraged to consult the excellent textbooks by Alexopoulos et al. (1996) and Webster and Weber (2007) to gain easier access into the exciting field of mycology in general and obligate biotrophic plant parasites like the rust fungi in particular.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Schlagwörter
rust fungi, obligate biotrophs
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Datensätze
Zitieren
ISO 690VOEGELE, Ralf T., Matthias HAHN, Kurt MENDGEN, 2009. The Uredinales : Cytology, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology. In: DEISING, H. B., ed.. The Mycota, 5 Plant relationships. 2. Berlin: Springer, 2009, pp. 69-98
BibTex
@incollection{Voegele2009Uredi-7501,
  year={2009},
  title={The Uredinales : Cytology, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology},
  edition={2},
  publisher={Springer},
  address={Berlin},
  booktitle={The Mycota, 5 Plant relationships},
  pages={69--98},
  editor={Deising, H. B.},
  author={Voegele, Ralf T. and Hahn, Matthias and Mendgen, Kurt}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/7501">
    <dc:creator>Voegele, Ralf T.</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:title>The Uredinales : Cytology, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology</dcterms:title>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/>
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:34:55Z</dc:date>
    <dc:creator>Mendgen, Kurt</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/7501/1/222_Chapter_4_final.pdf"/>
    <dcterms:issued>2009</dcterms:issued>
    <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First publ. in: The Mycota, 5. Plant relationships / Vol. ed.: H. B. Deising. Berlin: Springer, 2009, 2. ed., pp. 69-98</dcterms:bibliographicCitation>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-24T17:34:55Z</dcterms:available>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/>
    <dc:contributor>Hahn, Matthias</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Hahn, Matthias</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/"/>
    <dc:contributor>Mendgen, Kurt</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Fungi belonging to the order Uredinales are commonly referred to as rust fungi. All members of the Uredinales are parasitic on plants, often causing dramatic losses in various important crop plants (Alexopoulos et al. 1996). Together with the powdery mildew fungi and the downy mildew-causing oomycetes, rust fungi form an extremely successful group of parasites, the obligate biotrophs. The term obligate biotrophic characterizes a specific lifestyle in which the pathogen is absolutely dependent on a living host to complete its life cycle. In turn, the host plant as a whole usually suffers only limited damage over an extended period of time (Staples 2000). By contrast, necrotrophic parasites kill their hosts quickly after infection and subsequently thrive on the dead plant material (Staples 2001). Hemibiotrophic fungi, such as Colletotrichum spp., are characterized by a more or less extended biotrophic phase before switching to necrotrophic growth and killing their host (Perfect and Green 2001). In order to separate the true obligate biotrophic pathogens from hemibiotrophs and necrotrophs we suggest the following six criteria:&lt;br /&gt;1. Obligate biotrophs are not culturable in vitro (at least not to a point representing the parasitic phase)&lt;br /&gt;2. They form highly differentiated infection structures (variations of the normally tubular cell shape, which are necessary for pathogenesis)&lt;br /&gt;3. They have limited secretory activity&lt;br /&gt;4. They establish a narrow contact zone separating fungal and plant plasma membranes&lt;br /&gt;5. They engage in a long-term suppression of host defense responses&lt;br /&gt;6. They form haustoria (specialized hyphae that penetrate host cells).&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;The peculiarities of the lifestyle of obligate biotrophs, paired with their huge economic impact, make rust fungi a versatile field of study at both the fundamental and the applied level. This chapter on Uredinales can by no means cover the complete literature on rust fungi. It is intended to summarize key references, review articles, and books to provide the interested reader with&lt;br /&gt;a gateway to more specialized literature on most aspects of research involving rust fungi. Readers new to the field are encouraged to consult the excellent textbooks by Alexopoulos et al. (1996) and Webster and Weber (2007) to gain easier access into the exciting field of mycology in general and obligate biotrophic plant parasites like the rust fungi in particular.</dcterms:abstract>
    <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/7501/1/222_Chapter_4_final.pdf"/>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/7501"/>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <dc:contributor>Voegele, Ralf T.</dc:contributor>
    <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
    <dc:rights>Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic</dc:rights>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Ja
Begutachtet
Diese Publikation teilen