Reductions in body sway responses to a rhythmic support surface tilt perturbation can be caused by other mechanisms than prediction

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Experimental Brain Research. Springer. 2020, 238(2), pp. 465-476. ISSN 0014-4819. eISSN 1432-1106. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00221-020-05723-z
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Studies investigating balance control often use external perturbations to probe the system. These perturbations can be administered as randomized, pseudo-randomized, or predictable sequences. As predictability of a given perturbation can affect balance performance, the way those perturbations are constructed may affect the results of the experiments. In the present study, we hypothesized that subjects are able to adapt to short, rhythmic support surface tilt stimuli, but not to long pseudo-random stimuli. 19 subjects were standing with eyes closed on a servo-controlled platform tilting about the ankle joint axis. Pre and post to the learning intervention, pseudo-random tilt sequences were applied. For the learning phase, a rhythmic and easy-to-memorize 8-s long sequence was applied 75 times, where subjects were instructed to stand as still as possible. Body kinematics were measured and whole body center of mass sway was analyzed. Results showed reduced sway and less forward lean of the body across the learning phase. The sway reductions were similar for stimulus and non-stimulus frequencies. Surprisingly, for the pseudo-random sequences, comparable changes were found from pre- to post-tests. In summary, results confirmed that considerable adaptations exist when exposing subjects to an 8-s long rhythmic perturbation. No indications of predictions of the learning tilt sequence were found, since similar changes were also observed in response to pseudo-random sequences. We conclude that changes in body sway responses following 75 repetitions of an 8-s long rhythmic tilt sequence are due to adaptations in the dynamics of the control mechanism (presumably stiffness).

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ISO 690ASSLÄNDER, Lorenz, Markus GRUBER, Louis-Solal GIBOIN, 2020. Reductions in body sway responses to a rhythmic support surface tilt perturbation can be caused by other mechanisms than prediction. In: Experimental Brain Research. Springer. 2020, 238(2), pp. 465-476. ISSN 0014-4819. eISSN 1432-1106. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00221-020-05723-z
BibTex
@article{Asslander2020-02Reduc-48470,
  year={2020},
  doi={10.1007/s00221-020-05723-z},
  title={Reductions in body sway responses to a rhythmic support surface tilt perturbation can be caused by other mechanisms than prediction},
  number={2},
  volume={238},
  issn={0014-4819},
  journal={Experimental Brain Research},
  pages={465--476},
  author={Assländer, Lorenz and Gruber, Markus and Giboin, Louis-Solal}
}
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