Olfactory Object Recognition Based on Fine-Scale Stimulus Timing in Drosophila

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iScience. 2019, 13, pp. 113-124. eISSN 2589-0042. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2019.02.014
Zusammenfassung

Odorants of behaviorally relevant objects (e.g., food sources) intermingle with those from other sources. Therefore to determine whether an odor source is good or bad-without actually visiting it-animals first need to segregate the odorants from different sources. To do so, animals could use temporal stimulus cues, because odorants from one source exhibit correlated fluctuations, whereas odorants from different sources are less correlated. However, the behaviorally relevant timescales of temporal stimulus cues for odor source segregation remain unclear. Using behavioral experiments with free-flying flies, we show that (1) odorant onset asynchrony increases flies' attraction to a mixture of two odorants with opposing innate or learned valence and (2) attraction does not increase when the attractive odorant arrives first. These data suggest that flies can use stimulus onset asynchrony for odor source segregation and imply temporally precise neural mechanisms for encoding odors and for segregating them into distinct objects.

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ISO 690SEHDEV, Aarti, Yunusa G. MOHAMMED, Tilman TRIPHAN, Paul SZYSZKA, 2019. Olfactory Object Recognition Based on Fine-Scale Stimulus Timing in Drosophila. In: iScience. 2019, 13, pp. 113-124. eISSN 2589-0042. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2019.02.014
BibTex
@article{Sehdev2019-03-29Olfac-46478,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1016/j.isci.2019.02.014},
  title={Olfactory Object Recognition Based on Fine-Scale Stimulus Timing in Drosophila},
  volume={13},
  journal={iScience},
  pages={113--124},
  author={Sehdev, Aarti and Mohammed, Yunusa G. and Triphan, Tilman and Szyszka, Paul}
}
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