Does narrow focus activate alternative referents?

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braun_interspeech2005.pdf
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2005
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Weber, Andrea
Crocker, Matthew
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Erschienen in
INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION, , ed. and others. Interspeech [and] Eurospeech, 9th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, Lisboa, September 4 - 8, 2005. Lisboa, 2005, pp. 1709-1712
Zusammenfassung

Narrow focus refers to accent placement that forces one interpretation of a sentence, which is then often perceived contrastively. Narrow focus is formalised in terms of alternative sets, i.e. contextually or situationally salient alternatives. In this paper, we investigate whether this model is valid also in human utterance processing. We present an eye-tracking experiment to study listeners’ expectations (i.e. eye-movements) with respect to upcoming referents. Some of the objects contrast in colour with objects that were previously referred to, others do not; the objects are referred to with either a narrow focus on the colour adjective or with broad focus on the noun. Results show that narrow focus on the adjective increases early fixations to contrastive referents. Narrow focus hence activates alternative referents in human utterance processing.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
400 Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
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International Speech Communication, 4. Sept. 2005 - 8. Sept. 2005, Lisboa
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Zitieren
ISO 690BRAUN, Bettina, Andrea WEBER, Matthew CROCKER, 2005. Does narrow focus activate alternative referents?. International Speech Communication. Lisboa, 4. Sept. 2005 - 8. Sept. 2005. In: INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION, , ed. and others. Interspeech [and] Eurospeech, 9th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, Lisboa, September 4 - 8, 2005. Lisboa, 2005, pp. 1709-1712
BibTex
@inproceedings{Braun2005narro-15362,
  year={2005},
  title={Does narrow focus activate alternative referents?},
  address={Lisboa},
  booktitle={Interspeech [and] Eurospeech, 9th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, Lisboa, September 4 - 8, 2005},
  pages={1709--1712},
  editor={International Speech Communication Association},
  author={Braun, Bettina and Weber, Andrea and Crocker, Matthew}
}
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